in vain


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vain

 (vān)
adj. vain·er, vain·est
1. Not yielding the desired outcome; fruitless: a vain attempt.
2. Lacking substance or worth: vain talk.
3. Having or showing excessive pride in one's appearance or accomplishments; conceited.
4. Archaic Foolish.
Idiom:
in vain
1. To no avail; without success: Our labor was in vain.
2. In an irreverent or disrespectful manner: took the Lord's name in vain.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin vānus, empty; see euə- in Indo-European roots.]

vain′ly adv.
vain′ness n.
Synonyms: vain, empty, hollow, idle, otiose
These adjectives mean lacking value or substance: vain regrets; empty pleasures; hollow threats; idle dreams; otiose theoretical discussions. See Also Synonyms at futile.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.in vain - to no avail; "he looked for her in vain"; "the city fathers tried vainly to find a solution"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
بِدون جَدْوى
marně
forgæves
en baldeen vano
turhaan
uzaluduzaludno
hiába
árangurslausttil einskisunnið fyrir gýgárangurslaus
in cassum
förgäves
boş yereboşuna

vain

(vein) adjective
1. having too much pride in one's appearance, achievements etc; conceited. She's very vain about her good looks.
2. unsuccessful. He made a vain attempt to reach the drowning woman.
3. empty; meaningless. vain threats; vain promises.
ˈvainly adverb
unsuccessfully. He searched vainly for the treasure.
vanity (ˈvӕnəti) noun
1. excessive admiration of oneself; conceit. Vanity is her chief fault.
2. worthlessness or pointlessness. the vanity of human ambition.
in vain
with no success. He tried in vain to open the locked door.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
If I have exposed myself to it, in vain, let it be so; but if you and he should ever meet again, do me justice.
However, his 122-ball knock went in vain as India handed Oman a six-wicket defeat, its second successive loss in the eight-nation tournament, a day after hosts Sri Lanka had trounced Duleep Mendis-coached Oman by 109 runs.
Police officers engaged TLP office-bearers in Lahore trying in vain to convince them to clear one side of roads.