vaccine

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vac·cine

 (văk-sēn′, văk′sēn′)
n.
1.
a. A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure, that is administered to prevent or treat infection by the pathogen and that functions by stimulating the production of an immune response.
b. A preparation from the cowpox virus that protects against smallpox when administered to an individual.
2. Computers A software program designed to detect and stop the progress of computer viruses.

[From Latin vaccīnus, of cows, from vacca, cow.]

vaccine

(ˈvæksiːn)
n
1. (Medicine) a suspension of dead, attenuated, or otherwise modified microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, or rickettsiae) for inoculation to produce immunity to a disease by stimulating the production of antibodies
2. (Medicine) (originally) a preparation of the virus of cowpox taken from infected cows and inoculated in humans to produce immunity to smallpox
3. (Medicine) (modifier) of or relating to vaccination or vaccinia
4. (Computer Science) computing a piece of software designed to detect and remove computer viruses from a system
[C18: from New Latin variolae vaccīnae cowpox, title of medical treatise (1798) by Edward Jenner, from Latin vacca a cow]

vac•cine

(vækˈsin; esp. Brit. ˈvæk sin)

n.
1. any preparation of weakened or killed bacteria or viruses introduced into the body to prevent a disease by stimulating antibodies against it.
2. the virus of cowpox, used in vaccination, obtained from pox vesicles of a cow or person.
3. a software program that helps to protect against computer viruses.
[1800–05; < New Latin (variolae)vaccīnae cowpox =vacc(a) cow + -īnae, feminine pl. of -īnus -ine1]

vac·cine

(văk-sēn′)
A substance that stimulates cells in the immune system to recognize and attack disease-causing agents, especially through the production of antibodies. Most vaccines are given by injection or are swallowed as liquids. Vaccines may contain a weaker form of the disease-causing virus or bacterium or even a DNA fragment or some other component of the agent. See Note at Jenner.
Did You Know? In the 1950s, polio epidemics left thousands of children with permanent physical disabilities. Today, kids are given a polio vaccine to keep them from catching the virus. That vaccine, like most others, works by stimulating the body's immune system to produce antibodies—substances that defend the body against infection by recognizing and destroying disease-causing agents like viruses and bacteria. Scientists usually prepare vaccines by taking a sample of the disease-causing agent and weakening it with heat or chemicals. That way, the agent loses its ability to cause serious illness but is still able to stimulate the body to produce antibodies and provide immunity. But finding safe vaccines that are also effective is a challenge. Today, scientists are able to change the structure of viruses and bacteria at the level of their DNA. They remove the most harmful fragments of DNA and then use what is left in vaccines. New vaccines containing harmless bits of DNA from disease-causing germs have also been developed—all to make diseases like polio a thing of the past.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vaccine - immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodiesvaccine - immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
DPT vaccine - abbreviation for combination vaccine against diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus toxoids; usually given in a series of injections in early childhood
immunizing agent, immunogen - any substance or organism that provokes an immune response (produces immunity) when introduced into the body
pneumococcal vaccine, Pneumovax - vaccine (trade name Pneumovax) effective against the 23 most common strains of pneumococcus
poliovirus vaccine - vaccine prepared from poliovirus to provide immunity to poliomyelitis
proteosome, proteosome vaccine - a form of vaccine that can be administered by an inhaler

vaccine

noun inoculation, injection, immunization Anti-malarial vaccines are now undergoing trials.
Translations
لُقاح، طُعْم
očkovací látkavakcína
vaccine
oltóanyag
bóluefni
ワクチン疫苗
vakcina
vakcīna
očkovacia látka
vaccin

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] Nvacuna f

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] nvaccin m
the rabies vaccine → le vaccin contre la rage

vaccine

nImpfstoff m, → Vakzine f (spec)

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] nvaccino
polio vaccine → vaccino antipolio

vaccine

(ˈvӕksiːn) noun
a substance made from the germs that cause a particular disease, especially smallpox, and given to a person or animal to prevent him from catching that disease.
ˈvaccinate (-ksi-) verb
to protect (a person etc) against a disease by putting vaccine into his blood. Has your child been vaccinated against smallpox?
ˌvacciˈnation (-ksi-) noun
(an) act of vaccinating or process of being vaccinated. I'm to have a vaccination tomorrow; Vaccination was introduced in the eighteenth century.

vac·cine

n. vacuna, preparación de microorganismos atenuados o muertos que se introduce en el cuerpo para establecer una inmunidad en contra de la enfermedad específica causada por dichos microorganismos;
BCG ______ del bacilo Calmette-Guérin, contra la tuberculosis;
chickenpox ______ contra la varicela;
DTP (diptheria, tetanus, pertussis) ______ triple contra la difteria, tétano y pertusis (tos ferina);
hepatitis A ______ contra la hepatitis A;
hepatitis B ______ contra la hepatitis B;
influenza ______ contra la influenza;
measles virus, inactivated ______ antisarampión, inactivada;
measles virus, live attenuated ______ antisarampión de virus vivo, atenuada;
pneumococcal polyvalent ______ antineumocócica polivalente;
pneumovax ______ neumocócica polisacárida;
poliovirus, live oral trivalent ______ antipolio trivalente o de Sabin;
rabies ______ antirrábica;
Salk's antipoliomyelitis ______ antipoliomielítica de Salk;
smallpox ______ antivariolosa, antivariólica;
tetanus ______ contra el tétano;
typhus ______ antitífica;
typhoid ______ contra la tifoidea;
___ reactionreacción a la ___.

vaccine

n vacuna; attenuated — vacuna atenuada; BCG — vacuna BCG; conjugated — vacuna conjugada; diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP) — vacuna contra (la) difteria, (el) tétanos y (la) tos ferina, vacuna DTP; flu — vacuna antigripal (form), vacuna contra la influenza or gripe; Haemophilus influenzae type b — vacuna contra (el) Haemophilus influenzae tipo b; hepatitis B — vacuna contra la hepatitis B; inactivated — vacuna inactivada; influenza — V. flu — arriba; live — vacuna viva; meningococcal — vacuna meningocócica, vacuna contra la meningitis meningocócica; measles,mumps, and rubella (MMR) — vacuna triple viral; vacuna contra el sarampión, las paperas y la rubéola; oral polio — vacuna antipoliomielítica oral, vacuna oral contra la polio; pneumococcal — vacuna neumocócica, vacuna contra la neumonía; rabies — vacuna contra la rabia; Sabin — vacuna Sabin; Salk — vacuna Salk; smallpox — vacuna contra la viruela; tetanusdiphtheria (Td) — vacuna contra (el) tétanos y (la) difteria, vacuna Td; tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) — vacuna contra (la) difteria, (el) tétanos y (la) tos ferina (DTP), vacuna contra el tétanos, la difteria y la tos ferina (Ang), vacuna Tdap (Ang) (el componente contra la tos ferina siendo acelular en las traducciones antecedentes); varicella — vacuna contra la varicela
References in periodicals archive ?
Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988.
First, it called on all countries to introduce at least one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine by the third quarter of 2015, immunizing infants at 14 weeks or at first contact thereafter.
To minimize the risks for paralytic poliomyelitis associated with PV2, vaccination with the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) will be needed for the foreseeable future (6).
There are two types of vaccines that can prevent polio: inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV)," said HMC's Senior Consultant in Pediatrics Dr Magda Ahmed Youssef.
The progress of our dengue program, along with other recent achievements, such as Phase 2b field trial initiation for our norovirus vaccine candidate and our partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop a Sabin-strain inactivated poliovirus vaccine (sIPV) exemplify how we are researching, developing and providing vaccines to protect populations in need, wherever they may reside.
The product is a four - component, combination Diptheria - Tetanus - acellular Pertussis (DTaP) and Sabin inactivated poliovirus vaccine (sIPV) that was in Phase two of clinical development.
According to the World Health Organization's restrictions, it will be mandatory for all residents and long-term visitors (over 4 weeks) from Pakistan, Cameroon and Syria to receive a dose of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) or Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to international travel.
Long-term visitors (those staying in Pakistan for more than four weeks) should receive a dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV) or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) four weeks to 12 months prior to travel to Pakistan," he advised.
According to the World Health Organizations' (WHO) restrictions, it will be mandatory for all residents and long-term visitors (over 4 weeks) from Pakistan, Cameroon and Syria to receive a dose of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) or Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to international travel.
The patient, a 10-month-old boy, was born at term on October 28, 2010; X-linked immunodeficiency syndrome was diagnosed after he received 3 scheduled doses of polio vaccine (1 OPV dose at birth and 2 inactivated poliovirus vaccine doses at 10 and 14 weeks).
Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of Sanofi (NYSE: SNY), a diversified healthcare company, announced on Friday that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) has approved the company's standalone Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) against acute flaccid poliomyelitis (IMOVAX POLIO).
Cost-effectiveness of incorporating inactivated poliovirus vaccine into the routine childhood immunization schedule.