One assailant aimed a gun at employees while another is believed to have sprayed an incapacitating agent
in the air, causing the employees to lose consciousness.
In the 1960s, the United States purchased 100,000 pounds of the incapacitating agent
BZ--probably one of the most expensive military chemicals ever standardized by the United States; 10,000 pounds went to research and development, leaving about 90,000 pounds for filling chemical weapons.
In 1962 it developed an incapacitating agent
In December 1997, the Marines considered the implications of using an incapacitating agent
during the Japanese embassy siege in Lima, Peru, where 400 hostages were held by gunmen.
The stock of agents includes sarin, the blister agent sulphur mustard and the incapacitating agent
BZ, said a human rights group.
Chem/Bio Agents HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL TYPICAL AGENT Biotoxins Ricin Blister Agents/Vesicants Mustard, Lewisite Blood Agents Cyanide Caustics Hydrofluoric Acid Choking/Lung/Pulmonary Agents Phosgene, Chlorine Incapacitating Agents
Fentanyls Long-Acting Anticoagulants Super Warafin Metals Arsenic Nerve Agents Sarin, VX Organic Solvents Benzene Riot Control Agents/Tear Gas Chloropicrin Toxic Alcohols Ethylene Glycol Vomitting Agents Adamsite BIOTERRORISM AGENT TYPICAL AGENT Category A-High public health impact Anthrax, Plague, Smallpox and easily disseminated Category B-Low mortality rates and Brucellosis, Q fever moderately easy to disseminate.
"Iraq has some lethal and incapacitating agents
and is capable of quickly producing and weaponizing a variety of such agents, including anthrax, for delivery on a range of vehicles such as bombs, missiles, aerial sprayers, and covert operatives which could bring them to the United States homeland." Kerry's bottom line: "The President laid out a strong, comprehensive, and compelling argument why Iraq's weapons of mass destruction programs are a threat to the United States and the international community."
(9) In fact, many biological warfare agents categorized as "incapacitating agents
" are not intended to produce fatal disease (e.g., Brucella ssp).
3) A subject with the capability of inflicting death or serious physical injury, or otherwise incapacitating agents
, without a deadly weapon, is demonstrating an intention to do so.
Microbiologist Richard Novick, director of the Public Health Research Institute in New York City, says he "could see how this research could easily be perverted to build incapacitating agents
." Novick, a civilian scientist, in the 1960s refused a DOD proposal that he introduce penicillin-resistance genes into a pneumonia-causing bacterium.
And disputes about the use of nonlethal chemical and incapacitating agents
The detractors' view eventually prevailed, and "incapacitating agents
" were barred by an executive order signed by Richard Nixon in 1969.