cataract

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Related to incipient cataract: intumescent cataract

cat·a·ract

 (kăt′ə-răkt′)
n.
1. A large or high waterfall.
2. A great downpour; a deluge.
3. Medicine Opacity of the lens or capsule of the eye, causing impairment of vision or blindness.

[Middle English cataracte, from Old French, from Latin cataracta, from Greek katarraktēs, kataraktēs, downrush, waterfall, portcullis, probably from katarassein, to dash down (kat-, kata-, cata- + arassein, to strike). Sense 3, from a comparison to a portcullis or other falling impediment or covering.]

cat′a·rac′tous (-răk′təs) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cataract

(ˈkætəˌrækt)
n
1. (Physical Geography) a large waterfall or rapids
2. a deluge; downpour
3. (Pathology) pathol
a. partial or total opacity of the crystalline lens of the eye
b. the opaque area
[C15: from Latin catarracta, from Greek katarrhaktēs, from katarassein to dash down, from arassein to strike]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cat•a•ract

(ˈkæt əˌrækt)

n.
1. a descent of water over a steep surface; a waterfall, esp. one of considerable size.
2. any furious rush or downpour of water; deluge.
3.
a. an abnormality of the eye characterized by opacity of the lens.
b. the opaque area.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin catar(r)acta waterfall, portcullis < Greek katarráktēs, akin to katarássein to dash down]
cat`a•rac′tal, cat`a•rac′tous, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cat·a·ract

(kăt′ə-răkt′)
1. A cloudiness in the lens of an eye or the membrane that covers it, causing partial or total blindness.
2. A large, steep waterfall.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cataract

 a violent downpour or rush; anything likened to a waterfall. See also cascade.
Examples: cataract of nastiness; of evil news, 1864; of panegyrics; of water.
Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cataract

An opaque area that forms within the lens of the eye.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cataract - an eye disease that involves the clouding or opacification of the natural lens of the eye
eye disease - any disease of the eye
cortical cataract - a cataract that affects the lens cortex
nuclear cataract - a cataract that affects the nucleus of the lens
posterior subcapsular cataract - a cataract in the rear of the lens capsule
2.cataract - a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice
waterfall, falls - a steep descent of the water of a river
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

cataract

noun
1. (Medical) opacity (of the eye) a battle with blindness caused by cataracts
2. waterfall, falls, rapids, cascade, torrent, deluge, downpour, Niagara There was an impressive cataract at the end of the glen.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

cataract

noun
An abundant, usually overwhelming flow or fall, as of a river or rain:
Chiefly British: spate.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
šedý zákalvodopád
grå stærkataraktstær
vesiputousharmaakaihikaihi
mrenaslap
hályog
vagl
大きな滝白内障
백내장큰 폭포
katarakta
katarakta
šedý zákal
forsgråstarr
ต้อน้ำตกที่สูงชัน
màng thủy tinh thểthác nước lớn

cataract

[ˈkætərækt] N
1. (= waterfall) → catarata f
2. (Med) → catarata f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cataract

[ˈkætərækt] n
(MEDICINE)cataracte f
(= waterfall) → cataracte f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

cataract

n
(= rapids)Katarakt m
(Med) → grauer Star
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

cataract

[ˈkætəˌrækt] n (Geog, Med) → cateratta
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

cataract

(ˈkӕtərӕkt) noun
a clouding of the lens of the eye causing difficulty in seeing.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

cataract

إِعْتَامُ عَدَسَةِ العَيْـن, شَلّاَل šedý zákal, vodopád grå stær, katarakt grauer Star, Wasserfall καταρράκτης catarata harmaakaihi, vesiputous cataracte mrena, slap cataratta, cateratta 大きな滝, 白内障 백내장, 큰 폭포 cataract, waterval foss, grå stær wodospad, zaćma catarata большой водопад, катаракта fors, gråstarr ต้อ, น้ำตกที่สูงชัน çağlayan, katarakt màng thủy tinh thể, thác nước lớn 大瀑布, 白内障
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

cat·a·ract

n. catarata, opacidad del cristalino;
anular ______ anular;
black ______ negra;
blue ______ cerúlea;
complete ______ completa;
congenital ______ congénita;
green ______ verde;
mature ______ madura;
senile ______ senil;
soft ______ blanda.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cataract

n catarata
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the 10 birds examined, 8 had ocular changes that included nuclear sclerosis, eyelid scaring, corneal scar, and incipient cataracts. One bird had nuclear sclerosis in both eyes, and another had eyelid scarring OS and an incipient cataract OD.
Interestingly, incipient cataracts were not noted until the pupil was dilated in 2/6 birds with cataracts.