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1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.
[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]
1. formal (often: postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive) morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend.
2. (usually: postpositive and foll by on) resting or lying (on)
(Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
[C16: from Latin incumbere to lie upon, devote one's attention to, from in-2 + -cumbere, related to Latin cubāre to lie down]
1. currently holding an indicated office: the incumbent president.
2. obligatory: a duty incumbent upon me.
3. resting, lying, or pressing on something.n.
4. the holder of an office or an ecclesiastical benefice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (n.) < Latin incumbent-, s. of incumbēns, present participle of incumbere to lie or lean upon]
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|Noun||1.||incumbent - the official who holds an office|
holder - a person who holds something; "they held two hostages"; "he holds the trophy"; "she holds a United States passport"
office-bearer - the person who holds an office
|Adj.||1.||incumbent - lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"|
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
superjacent - lying immediately above or on something else
|2.||incumbent - necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding; "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"|
necessary - absolutely essential
|3.||incumbent - currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"|
current - occurring in or belonging to the present time; "current events"; "the current topic"; "current negotiations"; "current psychoanalytic theories"; "the ship's current position"