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1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.

[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]

in·cum′bent·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We should express our satisfaction over the things which we incumbently have because these arrangements also are possible on our reluctant efforts," the elected member of the District Narayan Khatiwada said while addressing the event.
(51) Literary imagination as an arbitrary power, indirectly working its odd instrumentality against other powers in society, emerges as the one sector of experience through which authors can know that the exclusive, circular spirit of power must again be entered into, so as to be channeled (rolled down time's hill incumbently) in better ways.