He felt all the more sorry for the girl because misfortune had, in a sense, indentured
her to them.
because the world it must recognize as its own is built upon the systematic exploitation and indentured
suffering of those without whom it would not exist.
How should one read the blot of 'uselessness' smeared upon indentured
Indian women who failed to satisfy the terms specified in the indenture agreement, girmit?
Two hundred years ago, they called them "indentures." In 1831, my great-great-grandfather David Hughson was indentured
in New York to a farmer named Hiram Church.
He was a Muslim from the Indonesian island of Alor, who had been indentured
in Kupang, West Timor.
Gaiutra Bahadur brings us an elegantly written family history framed by larger tropes of indentured
contracts, migratory livelihoods, female subjectivity, colonial violence, memory, and belonging.
Since 1834, following the abolition of slavery in the British Empire, until the end of the World War I, around 1,336,034 indentured
Indians were transported to the British colonies in Fiji, Caribbean and South Africa.
In the British Caribbean, that meant indentured
servitude, a system which replaced the African slave labor lost to abolition with other nonwhite bodies, usually from Asia, primarily from India.
In 1838, the British and colonized Indian governments permitted sugar planters in British Guiana to bring Indian indentured
workers from India to their plantations.
In very readable prose, he focuses on Defoe's use of indentured
servitude as an institution and as a complex metaphor to explore the spiritual, moral and economic transformations that Crusoe, Jack, and Moll go through as they move from being slaves of powerful psychological and social forces to masters of themselves and their environments', (p.
The first ship from India carrying indentured
labourers to work in the sugar cane plantations that were being developed in Natal arrived in Durban in 1860.