But the story seems to show that the theologia constructiva was constantly confused with and/or inhibited by a theologia defensia, a battle against indifferentists
such as deists and other cultured despisers of religion.
But perhaps the largest congregation is the faithless Order of the Indifferentists
, who say they believe the Good News but refuse to stir themselves on a Sunday morning for worship or on a weekday night for Bible study.
He argued that the display of religious symbols on the walls of public schools was discriminating against atheists, agnostics, indifferentists
or persons belonging to denominations other than those represented by these symbols.
The rejection of any binding connection between actions and motivational states in an agent is a thesis shared by "indifferentists
" and fatalists, according to Schleiermacher's view of fatalism.
Guard yourselves against both; you will find the spirit of a religion, not among rigid systematizers or superficial indifferentists
, but among those who live in it as their element and move ever further in it without nurturing the illusion that they are able to embrace it completely.
In the 1781 preface to the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant expressed his concerns about the widespread influence of ideas associated with those he described as "indifferentists
"--members of the Enlightenment who claimed to be disinterested in the outcome of metaphysical disputes.
Although he offers an objectivist alternative to the moral theories of prudentialists, relativists, subjectivists, and indifferentists
, he does so in a way that makes constructive use of the core of their concerns: self-interest, plurality, perspective and context, and irreducible gaps between value and fact.