He added that auto industry is employing around 2.5 million direct and indirect labour
and has a lot more untapped potential which is linked to predictable and transparent policy.
To Kaldor, a representative firm would combine, in the words of Wilson, "direct labour and indirect labour
[...] in the same proportion as before; the change in prices will change the scale of output but leave the degree of capital intensity unchanged" (ibid., p.
This shortcoming results from the modifications of the labour theory of value called for by the 'law of the average rate of profit' and consists, in Maide's view, of Ricardo's confusion between the value of commodities (which he intends as including profit) and their natural price (which he intends as including only direct and indirect labour
) as well as of Ricardo's treatment of the capitalist society as undistinguishable from the 'rude and early state' discussed by Adam Smith (222).
"Especially in times of high unemployment, reducing labour cost by decreasing both direct and indirect labour
tax, becomes a priority," he said.
They then deducted direct and indirect labour
and other operating expenses spent by the food and beverage outlets (e.g.
There will also be PS221 million indirect labour
costs and PS22.6 million transition costs.
There will also be a "ripple effect" driven by businesses maintaining pay differentials, estimated to cost PS59.5m, plus PS221m indirect labour
costs and PS22.6m transition costs.
There are 3.8 million people working in the tourism sector, of which 1.8 million are direct labour and 1.7 million are indirect labour
, according to Ali.
Within four years, the number of local soap factories has increased from 30 to 50 including four big units, thus increasing direct labour from 200 families to 1,000 families and indirect labour
from 4,000 families to 6,000 families.
These comprise direct, semi-direct and indirect labour
BT, which unveils its results on Thursday, announced 10,000 job losses in the past financial year - 4,000 directly employed staff and the remainder from the firm's indirect labour