indirect speech

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reported speech

When we tell other people what someone else told us, it is called indirect or reported speech. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously.
The most common so-called “reporting verbs” are say and tell. When we use tell, we need to use another person’s name, or a personal pronoun representing him or her, as an indirect object.
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indirect speech


indirect discourse

(Grammar) the reporting of something said or written by conveying what was meant rather than repeating the exact words, as in the sentence He asked me whether I would go as opposed to He asked me, "Will you go?". Also called: reported speech
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in′direct speech′

the reporting of what a speaker said consisting not of the speaker's exact words but of a version transformed for grammatical inclusion in a larger sentence, as in She said she wasn't going. Compare direct speech.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
كلام غَيْر مُباشِر
nepřímá řeč
indirekte tale
óbein ræîa
odvisni govor
dolaylı anlatım

indirect speech

n (Gram) → indirekte Rede
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


(indiˈrekt) adjective
1. not leading straight to the destination; not direct. We arrived late because we took rather an indirect route.
2. not straightforward. I asked her several questions but she kept giving me indirect answers.
3. not intended; not directly aimed at. an indirect result.
ˌindiˈrectness noun
indirect object
the word in a sentence which stands for the person or thing to or for whom something is given, done etc. In `Give me the book', `Tell the children a story', `Boil John an egg', me, the children and John are indirect objects.
indirect speech
a person's words as they are reported rather than in the form in which they were said. He said that he would come is the form in indirect speech of He said `I will come'.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Pragmatic Presuppositions." Presupposition, Implicature and Indirect Speech Acts, edited by Asa Kasher, vol.
In the next section of the story, which is written in the form of a letter, the speaker narrates the rest of the story to the recipient in indirect speech, telling them that the effigy is now somehow prepared and is made to burn as per the plan of the political party.
When there is a direct relationship between structure and function, we have direct speech acts, but when this relation is indirect, and the transmission of meaning does not coincide with the illocutionary act, we find ourselves before indirect speech acts.
This is possible because the sentence emulates the character's "direct speech" without leaving the perspective of the narrator, and so it can also be read as the narrator's simple description of the character's mind or plain "indirect speech." (3) Miller's observation draws from standard accounts of narrative perspective in Emma; as Wayne C.
While Private Discourse dominates introduction of hypotheses over Public Discourse, Indirect Speech also contributes to the presentation of hypotheses.
Indeed, language inputs regularly feature complex linguistic phenomena such as lexical and referential ambiguity, ellipsis, false starts, spurious repetitions, semantically vacuous fillers, nonliteral language, indirect speech acts, implicatures, and production errors.
Warning in this category may serve as an indirect speech act.
followed by italics, for emphasis or quotation, or just as a form of free indirect speech.
While this indirect speech on the surface implies that Theagenes is similar to Xenophon of Ephesus' Habrocomes in his initial indifference to eros, this is not necessarily true.
So according to him that the only sentence that the modus of the news and wondering bermodus that could be used to express indirect speech acts.