The mass of optimal counterweights was gained by a graphical method of minimizing inertia force
. Santos et al.
(a) Collision with the containment wall by small inertia force
Thermodynamics requires that, for arbitrary variation of the system, the variation of the free energy of the membrane should equal the work done by the voltage, the prestress, the inertia force
, and the damping force; namely,
The joint torque [[tau].sub.a] was assumed to compensate the inertia force
generated by joint angular acceleration [mathematical expression not reproducible] and end-effector acceleration [mathematical expression not reproducible], which can be calculated as
Inertia resistance includes the inertia force
and inertia moment.
However, owning to the inertia force
, dynamic load carrying capacity, and other factors, flexible intermediate links are prone to elastic deformation, which results in the decrease of the overall dynamic performance of the manipulator and influences the normal working of the FPM under the high speed with load condition.
When the HRR is relatively low (20.21 kW), the inertia force
of smoke layer in the horizontal direction is relatively weak, and the smoke directly flows out from the ceiling opening, resulting in approximately equal upstream and downstream velocities.
In order to solve this, Chopra and Goel [9-11] propose a modal pushover analysis (MPA) procedure to deal with higher mode effects, in which the seismic demand of individual terms of the modal expansion is determined by pushover analysis using the inertia force
distribution for each mode, and the modal demands are then combined by the SRSS rule to obtain the total seismic demand.
The Fr number is the ratio of the inertia force
to the buoyancy force and Reynolds number is the ratio of the inertia force
to the viscous force.
As an example, the estimation of the inertia force
from a reciprocating piston and connecting rod can be modeled as a function of crank angle using the following equation:
Clearly, the inertia force
, represented by flow rates, also has an important role in the deflection.
It has also prepared a short film of 20 minutes duration, in which it has scientifically analyzed impact force, inertia force
and frictional force from a road traffic viewpoint.