inessive


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in·es·sive

 (ĭn′ĕs′ĭv)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating placement within a location in some languages, as in Finnish Helsinkissä, "in Helsinki."
n.
1. The inessive case.
2. A word or form in the inessive case.

inessive

(ɪnˈɛsɪv)
adj
(Linguistics) (in the grammar of Finnish and related languages) denoting a case of nouns, etc, used when indicating the location of the referent
n
(Linguistics) the inessive case
[C20: from Latin inesse to be in]
Translations
inessiivinen
References in periodicals archive ?
Here are the abbreviations we use in the Spanish and Basque glosses: ABS = absolutive, AUX = auxiliary, BEN = benefactive; CL = clitic, DAT = dative, DET = determiner, ERG = ergative, FUT = future, GEN = genitive, INE = inessive, PF = perfective, PRS = present, PST = past, PTCP = participle, SG = singular, 1 = first person, 2 = second person, 3 = third person.
The primary meaning of the inessive marker -ma is to indicate location, with or without confinement: uyar-e-ma "in town, in the market", libnan-e-ma "in Lebanon".
The choice between the interessive and inessive case in (2) is not dependent on the type of ground (which would be the case in the classifying strategy), but is used for a subtle meaning distinction.
Abbreviations 1, 2, 3 first, second, third person ABE abessive ADE adessive ADJ adjective ALL allative CLC clitic COM comitative COND conditional dINF da-infinitive EL elative ESS essive FEM female GEN genetive GER gerund ILL illative IMP imperative IMPS impersonal INE inessive JUSS jussive mINF ma-infinitive NEG negation marker PL plural POSTP postposition PRCL particle PRS present PRTV partitive PST simple past PRTCP presnt participle PTCP past participle Q question marker QUOT quotative SG singular TRM terminative TRNSL translative
Iron nominative boex boex-toe boex genitive boex-i boex-t-i boex-y dative boex-oen boex-t-oen boex-oen allative boex-moe boex-toe-moe boex-moe ablative boex-aej boex-t-oej boex-aej inessive boex-i boex-t-i boex-y adessive boex-boel boex-toe-boel boex-yl comitative (boexi xoeccoe) (boexti xoeccoe) boex-imoe equative boex-au boex-t-au boex-au pl.
11) "A pronominal object can also be marked by the inessive case, e.
ABL Ablative ACC Accusative AD Adessive CAUS Causative CM Contextualising marker COM Comitative COMP Complementiser COP Copula COUNT Counterfactual DEF Definite DEM demonstrative FUT Future marker IMP Imperative IMPFV Imperfective IN Inessive INDEF Indefinite INSTR Instrumental NEG Negation OBJ Object OBL Oblique PASS Passive PRF Perfect PFV Perfective PROG Progressive REFL Reflexive REL Relativiser RM Remoteness marker SUB Subject SUBJ Subjunctive SUP Superessive VERS Versative
Finnish, the only non-Indo-European language in this list, makes the distinction entirely through case marking on the noun, kaupunki 'town' with the inessive case suffix -ssa for 'being in' and the illative -in for 'moving into'.
The inessive and illative forms are the most productive ones, while the terminative and prolative forms occur rarely and are not accepted by all speakers.
pointed out to me, the Hungarian Inessive case marker (-ban/-ben), encoding interior location, appears to be built on top of the goal-oriented Illative case (-ba/-be) by the affixation of -n.
Abbreviations ABS absolutive ADVLZR adverbializer APP applicative ART article BLC Basic Locative Construction BLF Basic Locative Function CONJ conjunction COP copula DET determiner DETR detransitive DIM diminutive EMPH emphatic EQU equative F feminine FOC focus HAB habitual INESS inessive LOC locative MED medial N neuter NEG negative NF nonfuture NMZR nominalizer ORIENT orientativePERF PERF perfect PL plural PN pronoun PP postposition PRES present PROG progressive PRSUP presuppositional marker PSPV Picture Series for Positional Verbs (Ameka et al.
A locational expression t'eset'ano, a pronoun inflected in the inessive, is conjugated in the first person plural in example (4).