The figures include deaths among children less than one year old from sudden infant death
syndrome (SIDS) and when no medical cause can be recorded.
The ONS said that overall boys were at a greater risk of an unexplained infant death
than girls, accounting for 55.2 per cent of the 183 unexplained infant deaths
"The five leading causes of infant death
in 2017 were the same as in 2016; cause of death rankings and mortality rates varied by maternal race and Hispanic origin," the authors write.
Information on the causes of infant death
and consanguineous marriages were obtained from the records and through face-to-face interviews.
For the study, "Maternal Smoking Before and During Pregnancy and the Risk of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death
," published in the April issue of Pediatrics, researchers analyzed vital statistics data for all U.S.
FIMR programs follow a four step process that research has shown to be an effective way to reduce fetal and infant deaths
. Tennessee legislation in 2007 authorized FIMR programs to receive fetal and infant death
notifications and gain access to the relevant medical records.
But according to the figures, Wales (3.0 per 1,000) has the lowest infant death
rate of any of the 11 regions in the report.
The West Midlands had the highest infant death
rate in 2015 at 6.1 per 1,000 live births and Yorkshire & the Humber's rate was the thirdhighest at 4.5 per 1,000.
Each year approximately 3,500 infants in the United States die from sleep-related infant deaths
, including sudden infant death
syndrome (SIDS) (American Academy of Pediatrics [AAP] Task Force on Sudden Infant Death
infant mortality rate by using Multiple Regression model and Conditional Autoregressive Model to quantify spatial risk of infant death
In Healthy People 2010 document, for example, four causes account for more than half of all infant deaths
in the United States: birth defects, disorders relating to short gestation and unspecified low birth weight, sudden infant death
syndrome (SIDS), and respiratory distress syndrome (9).