spasm

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Related to infantile spasm: West syndrome

spasm

 (spăz′əm)
n.
1. A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
2. A sudden burst of energy, activity, or emotion.

[Middle English spasme, from Old French, from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos, from spān, to pull.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

spasm

(ˈspæzəm)
n
1. (Pathology) an involuntary muscular contraction, esp one resulting in cramp or convulsion
2. a sudden burst of activity, emotion, etc
[C14: from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos a cramp, from span to tear]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

spasm

(ˈspæz əm)

n.
1. a sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction, consisting of a continued muscular contraction or of a series of alternating muscular contractions and relaxations.
2. any sudden, brief spell of great energy, activity, feeling, etc.
[1350–1400; < Latin spasmus < Greek spasmós derivative of spân to draw a sword]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

spasm

A sudden, involuntary contraction of the muscle lasting a short time.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.spasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contractionspasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
charley horse, charley-horse - a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
graphospasm, writer's cramp - muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
crick, kink, rick, wrick - a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
twitch, twitching, vellication - a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
tenesmus - painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
trismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
2.spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel)
bronchospasm - a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
cardiospasm - a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
retch, heave - an involuntary spasm of ineffectual vomiting; "a bad case of the heaves"
laryngismus - laryngeal spasm caused by the sudden contraction of laryngeal muscles
constriction - the action or process of compressing
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

spasm

noun
1. convulsion, contraction, paroxysm, twitch, throe (rare) A lack of magnesium causes muscles to go into spasm.
2. burst, fit, outburst, seizure, frenzy, eruption, access He felt a spasm of fear.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

spasm

noun
A violent, excruciating seizure of pain:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
křeč
krampespasme
kouristuspuuskaspasmikipukohtauskohtaus
grč
krampi
痙攣
경련
spazma
kramp
การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ
kasılmakrampspazm
sự co thắt

spasm

[ˈspæzəm] N
1. (Med) → espasmo m
2. (= fit) → ataque m, acceso m
a spasm of coughingun ataque or acceso de tos
in a spasm of fearen un arrebato de miedo
a sudden spasm of activityun arranque or arrebato de actividad
to work in spasmstrabajar a rachas
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

spasm

[ˈspæzəm] n
(MEDICINE)spasme m
to go into spasm [muscle] → se tétaniser
[anger, pain, fear, coughing, anxiety] → accès m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

spasm

n (Med) → Krampf m, → Spasmus m (spec); (of asthma, coughing, fig) → Anfall m; spasms of coughingkrampfartige Hustenanfälle pl; there was a spasm of activityes entwickelte sich fieberhafte Aktivität; they play well in spasmssie spielen ab und zu ganz gut
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

spasm

[ˈspæzm] n (Med) → spasmo; (of coughing) → attacco, accesso (fig) → accesso
there was a brief spasm of activity → c'è stato un momento di attività spasmodica
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

spasm

(ˈspӕzəm) noun
a sudden uncontrollable jerking of the muscles. A spasm of pain twisted his face for a moment.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

spasm

تَشَنُّج křeč spasme Krampf σπασμός espasmo kouristus spasme grč spasmo 痙攣 경련 kramp krampe skurcz espasmo спазм kramp การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ kramp sự co thắt 痉挛
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

spasm

n. espasmo, convulsión, contracción muscular involuntaria.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

spasm

n espasmo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Background and Objective: Infantile spasm (IS) is one of the severe epileptic encephalopathies which affect children in early two years of life.
Sameer Zuberi said that infantile spasm and epileptic spasms are two different things.
Generalized seizures (58%) 58/100 were most common followed by (32%) 32/100 focal seizures, (4%) 4/100 absence, (4%) 4/100 unclassified, (1%) 1/100 myoclonic seizures and (1%) 1/100 infantile spasm (table-I).
Six patients presented with seizure and infantile spasm was found in one of these patients.
INTRODUCTION: West syndrome is a rare epileptic disorder in infants, children and adults, characterized by triad of infantile spasm, path gnomic EEG pattern and developmental regression.
Infantile spasm: III Prognostic implications of bitemporal hypometabolism on positron emission tomography.
Ayers and Dohrn, now "respectable" radical professors in Chicago, were among the FBI Most Wanted fugitives because of their nefarious activities with the Weather Underground, also known as the Weathermen, during that infantile spasm of radicalism and insanity called the '60s.
"I didn't know at the time that she was having an infantile spasm and it was difficult to get my family doctor to accept there was anything wrong with her, as it's virtually unheard of for a baby to have a fit at two weeks old.
Questcor currently markets five products in the U.S.: HP Acthar(R) Gel, an injectable drug that is commonly used in treating patients with infantile spasm, or West Syndrome; Ethamolin(R), an injectable drug used to treat enlarged weakened blood vessels at the entrance to the stomach that have recently bled, known as esophageal varices; Glofil(TM)-125 and Inulin in Sodium Chloride, which are both injectable agents that assess how well the kidney is working by measuring glomerular filtration rate, or kidney function; and VSL#3(TM), a patented probiotic marketed as a dietary supplement, to promote normal gastrointestinal (GI) function.
At the other end of the spectrum, the committee found no causal relation between diphtheria and tetanus vaccines and encephalopathy (a disease that affects the functioning of the brain), infantile spasm, and sudden infant death syndrome.
Infantile spasm was observed in 7 of the patients who presented because of seizure (n=17), partial seizure was observed in 7 and multiple seizure types were observed in 3.
For the treatment of infantile spasm, Prednisolone is the first choice while Valporate is also safe and effective.