infect

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Related to infecting: primary infection

infect

affect with disease; contaminate; damage
Not to be confused with:
infest – overrun or beset: shark-infested waters
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

in·fect

 (ĭn-fĕkt′)
tr.v. in·fect·ed, in·fect·ing, in·fects
1. To invade and proliferate in, often resulting in disease. Used of microorganisms or other infectious agents: people who were infected with salmonella.
2. To cause the invasion of (a cell, for example) with a microorganism or other infectious agent: The researchers infected the bacteria with a virus.
3. To transmit a pathogen or disease to: The sick child infected the entire class.
4. To contaminate with a pathogenic microorganism or agent: Cholera infected the water supply.
5. Computers To become transmitted to and copied on (a hard drive, for example). Used of a virus or other harmful software.
6. To affect by transmission or be communicated to. Used of an idea, emotion, or attitude: "His fear infected me, and ... I followed as fast as I could" (W.H. Hudson).

[Middle English infecten, to afflict with disease, from Latin īnficere, īnfect-, to stain, infect (in-, in; see in-2 + facere, to do; see dhē- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

infect

(ɪnˈfɛkt)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (Pathology) to cause infection in; contaminate (an organism, wound, etc) with pathogenic microorganisms
2. (Pathology) (also intr) to affect or become affected with a communicable disease
3. to taint, pollute, or contaminate
4. to affect, esp adversely, as if by contagion
5. (Computer Science) computing to affect with a computer virus
6. (Law) chiefly international law to taint with crime or illegality; expose to penalty or subject to forfeiture
adj
archaic contaminated or polluted with or as if with a disease; infected
[C14: from Latin inficere to dip into, stain, from facere to make]
inˈfector, inˈfecter n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•fect

(ɪnˈfɛkt)

v.t.
1. to affect or contaminate with disease-producing germs.
2. to taint or contaminate with any harmful substance: to infect the air with poison gas.
3. to corrupt or affect morally.
4. to imbue with some pernicious belief, opinion, etc.
5. to affect so as to imbue with similar feeling: His courage infected the others.
6. to affect with a computer virus.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin infectus, past participle of inficere to immerse in dye, taint, infect]
in•fect′ant, adj.
in•fect′ed•ness, n.
in•fec′tor, in•fect′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

infect

- From Latin inficere, "put in" or "dip in," which came to mean "stain, taint, spoil."
See also related terms for spoil.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

infect


Past participle: infected
Gerund: infecting

Imperative
infect
infect
Present
I infect
you infect
he/she/it infects
we infect
you infect
they infect
Preterite
I infected
you infected
he/she/it infected
we infected
you infected
they infected
Present Continuous
I am infecting
you are infecting
he/she/it is infecting
we are infecting
you are infecting
they are infecting
Present Perfect
I have infected
you have infected
he/she/it has infected
we have infected
you have infected
they have infected
Past Continuous
I was infecting
you were infecting
he/she/it was infecting
we were infecting
you were infecting
they were infecting
Past Perfect
I had infected
you had infected
he/she/it had infected
we had infected
you had infected
they had infected
Future
I will infect
you will infect
he/she/it will infect
we will infect
you will infect
they will infect
Future Perfect
I will have infected
you will have infected
he/she/it will have infected
we will have infected
you will have infected
they will have infected
Future Continuous
I will be infecting
you will be infecting
he/she/it will be infecting
we will be infecting
you will be infecting
they will be infecting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been infecting
you have been infecting
he/she/it has been infecting
we have been infecting
you have been infecting
they have been infecting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been infecting
you will have been infecting
he/she/it will have been infecting
we will have been infecting
you will have been infecting
they will have been infecting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been infecting
you had been infecting
he/she/it had been infecting
we had been infecting
you had been infecting
they had been infecting
Conditional
I would infect
you would infect
he/she/it would infect
we would infect
you would infect
they would infect
Past Conditional
I would have infected
you would have infected
he/she/it would have infected
we would have infected
you would have infected
they would have infected
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.infect - communicate a disease to; "Your children have infected you with this head cold"
canker - infect with a canker
give - cause to have, in the abstract sense or physical sense; "She gave him a black eye"; "The draft gave me a cold"
2.infect - contaminate with a disease or microorganism
superinfect - infect (an infected cell) further or infect a cell already containing similar organisms
smut - affect with smut or mildew, as of a crop such as corn
contaminate, pollute, foul - make impure; "The industrial wastes polluted the lake"
disinfect - destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing; "disinfect a wound"
3.infect - corrupt with ideas or an ideology; "society was infected by racism"
corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise, demoralize, deprave, misdirect, pervert, profane, vitiate, subvert - corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality; "debauch the young people with wine and women"; "Socrates was accused of corrupting young men"; "Do school counselors subvert young children?"; "corrupt the morals"
4.infect - affect in a contagious way; "His laughter infects everyone who is in the same room"
impress, strike, affect, move - have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; "This child impressed me as unusually mature"; "This behavior struck me as odd"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

infect

verb
1. contaminate, transmit disease to, spread disease to or among A single mosquito can infect a large number of people.
2. pollute, dirty, poison, foul, corrupt, contaminate, taint, defile, vitiate The birds infect the milk.
3. affect, move, touch, influence, upset, overcome, stir, disturb I was infected by her fear.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

infect

verb
1. To have a destructive effect on:
Archaic: empoison.
2. To make morally impure:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يُصيب بالعَدوى، يُدْخِل جُرْثومَه
nakazitinfikovat
inficeresmitte
fertőz
smita
infekcinisinfekciškaiužkrėstiužkrėtimas
aplipinātinficēt
okužiti
bulaştırmakgeçirmek

infect

[ɪnˈfekt] VT [+ wound, foot] → infectar; [+ person] → contagiar; [+ food] → contaminar
to infect sb with sthcontagiar algo a algn
don't infect us all with your cold!¡no nos contagies tu resfriado a todos!, ¡no nos pegues tu resfriado a todos!
he's infected everybody with his enthusiasmcontagió su entusiasmo a todos
scientists infected mice with the diseaselos científicos inocularon la enfermedad a or en ratones
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

infect

[ɪnˈfɛkt] vt
[+ person, blood] → infecter, contaminer
to be infected with sth [+ illness] → être atteint(e) de qch
(fig) (= influence) → corrompre
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

infect

vt
wound, bloodinfizieren; (lit) personanstecken, infizieren; waterverseuchen, verunreinigen; meatverderben; to be infected with or by an illnesssich mit einer Krankheit infiziert or angesteckt haben; his wound became infectedseine Wunde entzündete sich; her cold infected all her friendssie steckte alle ihre Freunde mit ihrer Erkältung an; this is likely to infect the rest of the economydas breitet sich wahrscheinlich auf den Rest der Wirtschaft aus
(fig: with enthusiasm etc) → anstecken; for a moment I was infected by her fearfür einen Augenblick ließ ich mich von ihrer Angst anstecken
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

infect

[ɪnˈfɛkt] vt (wound) → infettare; (person) → contagiare; (food, air) → contaminare (fig) (poison) → corrompere; (influence) → influenzare
to infect sb with a disease → trasmettere una malattia a qn
he's infected everybody with his enthusiasm → ha contagiato tutti con il suo entusiasmo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

infect

(inˈfekt) verb
to fill with germs that cause disease; to give a disease to. You must wash that cut on your knee in case it becomes infected; She had a bad cold last week and has infected the rest of the class.
inˈfection (-ʃən) noun
1. the process of infecting or state of being infected. You should wash your hands after handling raw meat to avoid infection.
2. a disease. a throat infection.
inˈfectious (-ʃəs) adjective
likely to spread to others. Measles is an infectious disease.
inˈfectiously adverb
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

in·fect

vt. infectar;
vr. infectarse; contaminar con un agente patógeno.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

infect

vt infectar; infected with (a disease) infectado con; (an agent of disease) infectado con or por; infected with TB..infectado con TB; infected with HIV..infectado con or por VIH; to become infected infectarse
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of the size of the proglottids (3), larger eggs with pyriform apparatus and hooklets, and geographic distribution, the infecting cestode was identified as B.
SoBig carries an attachment that, if opened, instructs the infected computer to communicate with other host computers, further infecting them.
Alternatively, resident cohorting (those with the same infecting microorganism) maybe employed.
Scientists have felt there is hope for the tree since discovering infected, but still alive, American chestnuts in Michigan and several other states in the late 1970s (see Infecting an Infection sidebar).
When the decision is made to use an antimicrobial agent, it is difficult to justify choosing one to which the infecting organism will likely be resistant.
Gao of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing and his colleagues tested the Qinghai strain's virulence by experimentally infecting eight chickens and eight mice.