infibulation


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

in·fib·u·late

 (ĭn-fĭb′yə-lāt′)
tr.v. in·fib·u·lat·ed, in·fib·u·lat·ing, in·fib·u·lates
To close off or obstruct the genitals of, especially by sewing together the labia majora in females or fastening the prepuce in males, so as to prevent sexual intercourse.

[Latin īnfībulāre, īnfībulāt-, to clasp with a brooch, infibulate : in-, on; see in-2 + fībula, brooch, clasp; see fibula.]

in·fib′u·la′tion n.

infibulation

the process of confining with a buckle or padlock. See also sex.
See also: Captivity
References in periodicals archive ?
(13.) Vissandjee B, Kantiebo M, Levine A and N'Dejuru R The cultural context of gender, identity: Female genital, excision and infibulation. Health Care Women Int.
Whether it is clitoridectomy, excision or infibulation, FGM is a global hindrance in the development of social life, especially for girls and women, since it adversely affects their mental and bodily health.As the winners of the Daily Trust's 2018 African of the Year award, these girls will be feted in Abuja, Nigeria, in January and awarded Sh2.5 million in cash.
Also, WHO in the same report described four types of FGM/C with the severest type (infibulation) as type II.
Cystic lesions such as epidermal vulvar cysts are extremely rare without a prior surgical operation following trivial trauma, infibulation, circumcision, or genital piercing (1, 2).
This is infibulation, which involves the removal of all external genitalia and stitching together the two sides of the vulva to leave only a small hole ."
These impacts include pain, haemorrhage, HIV transmission due to unsterilised instruments, post-traumatic stress disorder, urine and menstrual fluid retention due to infibulation (Type III FGC), flashbacks, scarring and obstetric fistula.
Type III: The most severe form, it is also known as infibulation. The procedure consists of narrowing the vaginal orifice leaving a small opening for urine and menstrual blood.
There are four defined types of FGM/C: namely, partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (clitoridectomy) (type I); partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision) (type II); narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation) (type III); and all other harmful procedures on the female genitalia for nonmedical purposes such as pricking, piercing, incising, scraping, and cauterization (type IV) [1].
According to the form of the FGM the World Health Organization categorizes the various types of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) as partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (Type I: clitoridectomy), partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (Type II: excision) and Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (Type III: infibulation) and All other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, for example: pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization (Type IV) (WHO, 1997).
(4.) Mackie G, Ending footbinding and infibulation: a convention account, American Sociological Review, 1996, 61(6):999-1017.
* Type III: Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation).