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top left to right: umbel and corymb
bottom left to right: panicle and raceme
1. A cluster of flowers arranged in a characteristic way on a stem.
2. The process of flowering.
[New Latin īnflōrēscentia, from Late Latin īnflōrēscēns, īnflōrēscent-, present participle of īnflōrēscere, to begin to flower : Latin in-, intensive pref.; see in-2 + Latin flōrēscere, to begin to blossom; see florescence.]
1. (Botany) the part of a plant that consists of the flower-bearing stalks
2. (Botany) the arrangement of the flowers on the stalks
3. (Botany) the process of flowering; blossoming
[C16: from New Latin inflōrēscentia, from Late Latin inflōrescere to blossom, from flōrescere to bloom]
in•flo•res•cence(ˌɪn flɔˈrɛs əns, -floʊ-, -flə-)
1. a flowering or blossoming.
a. the arrangement of flowers on the axis or stem.
b. the flowering part of a plant.
c. a flower cluster.
d. flowers collectively.
[1750–60; < New Latin inflōrēscentia < Late Latin inflōrēscent-, s. of inflōrēscēns, present participle of inflōrēscere to begin to blossom (see in-2, florescence) + Latin -ia -ia]
top left: umbel
top right: corymb
bottom left: panicle
bottom right: raceme
A group of flowers growing from a common stem, often in a characteristic arrangement.
A flowering shoot.
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|Noun||1.||inflorescence - the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms|
growing, growth, ontogenesis, ontogeny, maturation, development - (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; "he proposed an indicator of osseous development in children"
|2.||inflorescence - the flowering part of a plant or arrangement of flowers on a stalk|
blossom, flower, bloom - reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts
flower head - a shortened compact cluster of flowers so arranged that the whole gives the effect of a single flower as in clover or members of the family Compositae
umbel - flat-topped or rounded inflorescence characteristic of the family Umbelliferae in which the individual flower stalks arise from about the same point; youngest flowers are at the center
corymb - flat-topped or convex inflorescence in which the individual flower stalks grow upward from various points on the main stem to approximately the same height; outer flowers open first
flower cluster - an inflorescence consisting of a cluster of flowers
cyme - more or less flat-topped cluster of flowers in which the central or terminal flower opens first
spike - (botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis
bract - a modified leaf or leaflike part just below and protecting an inflorescence