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in•flu•ence(ˈɪn flu əns)
n., v. -enced, -enc•ing. n.
You use influence as a noun to refer to the power that someone or something has to affect people's behaviour or decisions.
If you want to mention the person or thing affected, you use on.
You do not use 'influence' to refer to a change or event that is the result of something. The word you use is effect.
You can also use influence as a verb. You say that one person or thing influences another.
Past participle: influenced
|Noun||1.||influence - a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc; "used her parents' influence to get the job"|
power, powerfulness - possession of controlling influence; "the deterrent power of nuclear weapons"; "the power of his love saved her"; "his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade"
force - a powerful effect or influence; "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
|2.||influence - causing something without any direct or apparent effort|
cross-pollination - stimulating influence among diverse elements; "the cross-pollination of the arts"
exposure - the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience; "she denounced the exposure of children to pornography"
impingement, encroachment, impact - influencing strongly; "they resented the impingement of American values on European culture"
manipulation, use - exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage; "his manipulation of his friends was scandalous"
|3.||influence - a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do; "her wishes had a great influence on his thinking"|
causal factor, determinant, determining factor, determinative, determiner - a determining or causal element or factor; "education is an important determinant of one's outlook on life"
imponderable - a factor whose effects cannot be accurately assessed; "human behavior depends on many imponderables"
imprint - a distinctive influence; "English stills bears the imprint of the Norman invasion"
morale builder - something or someone who influences by building or strengthening morale
canker, pestilence - a pernicious and malign influence that is hard to get rid of; "racism is a pestilence at the heart of the nation"; "according to him, I was the canker in their midst"
support - something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest; "the policy found little public support"; "his faith was all the support he needed"; "the team enjoyed the support of their fans"
|4.||influence - the effect of one thing (or person) on another; "the influence of mechanical action"|
consequence, effect, result, upshot, outcome, event, issue - a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon; "the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise"; "his decision had depressing consequences for business"; "he acted very wise after the event"
perturbation - (physics) a secondary influence on a system that causes it to deviate slightly
purchase - a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage; "he could get no purchase on the situation"
wind - a tendency or force that influences events; "the winds of change"
|5.||influence - one having power to influence another; "she was the most important influence in my life"; "he was a bad influence on the children"|
|Verb||1.||influence - have and exert influence or effect; "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"|
affect, bear upon, impact, bear on, touch on, touch - have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?"
militate - have force or influence; bring about an effect or change; "Politeness militated against this opinion being expressed"
manipulate, pull strings, pull wires - influence or control shrewdly or deviously; "He manipulated public opinion in his favor"
persuade, sway, carry - win approval or support for; "Carry all before one"; "His speech did not sway the voters"
get at - influence by corruption
fix - influence an event or its outcome by illegal means; "fix a race"
dominate - be in control; "Her husband completely dominates her"
|2.||influence - shape or influence; give direction to; "experience often determines ability"; "mold public opinion"|
dispose, incline - make receptive or willing towards an action or attitude or belief; "Their language inclines us to believe them"
miscreate - shape or form or make badly; "Our miscreated fantasies"
carry weight - have influence to a specified degree; "Her opinion carries a lot of weight"
decide - influence or determine; "The vote in New Hampshire often decides the outcome of the Presidential election"
reshape - shape anew or differently; "The new foreign minister reshaped the foreign policy of his country"
time - set the speed, duration, or execution of; "we time the process to manufacture our cars very precisely"
index - adjust through indexation; "The government indexes wages and prices"
pace - regulate or set the pace of; "Pace your efforts"
predetermine - determine beforehand
|3.||influence - induce into action by using one's charm; "She charmed him into giving her all his money"|
persuade - cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action; twist somebody's arm; "You can't persuade me to buy this ugly vase!"
to have an influence on sth [person] → tener influencia en or sobre algo, influir en or sobre algo
to be a good/bad influence on sb → ejercer buena/mala influencia sobre algn
to bring every influence to bear on sb → ejercer todas las presiones posibles sobre algn
to have influence with sb → tener influencias con algn, tener enchufe con algn
to have influence over sb → tener influencia or ascendiente sobre algn
to be under the influence of drink/drugs → estar ebrio/drogado
under the influence (hum) → borracho
what factors influenced your decision? → ¿qué factores influyeron en tu decisión?
don't let him influence you → no te dejes influenciar por él
the novelist has been influenced by Torrente → el novelista ha sufrido la influencia de or está influido por Torrente
to be easily influenced → ser muy influenciable
to have a position of influence → avoir or occuper une position influente
people in positions of influence → les personnes ayant une position influente
to have an influence on sb → avoir une influence sur qn
She had a great influence on the family → Elle avait une grande influence sur la famille.
to have a major influence on sth → avoir une influence majeure sur qch
Van Gogh had a major influence on the development of modern painting → Van Gogh a eu une influence majeure sur le développement de la peinture moderne.
to have a good influence on sb → avoir une bonne influence sur qn
to have a bad influence on sb → avoir une mauvaise influence sur qn
under the influence of sth [+ alcohol, drugs] → sous l'influence de qch
driving under the influence of alcohol → conduite en état d'ivresse, conduite sous l'influence de l'alcool
to be under the influence (euphemism) → être pris(e) de boisson
My father has been a big influence on me → Mon père a exercé une très grosse influence sur moi.
The Shropshire landscape was an influence on Owen → Les paysages du Shropshire exerçaient leur influence sur Owen.
to be a bad influence on sb → exercer une mauvaise influence sur qn
He's a bad influence on her → Il a mauvaise influence sur elle., Il exerce une mauvaise influence sur elle.
to be a good influence on sb → exercer une bonne influence sur qn
to influence sb to do sth → inciter qn à faire qch
to influence sb in a decision → influencer qn dans sa décision
I didn't want him to influence me in my choice → Je ne voulais pas qu'il m'influence dans mon choix.
to have an influence on sb/sth (subj, person) → avere un'influenza su qn/qc (event) → influenzare qn/qc (weather) → influire su qn/qc
to have influence with sb → avere un ascendente su qn
to be a good/bad influence on sb → avere or esercitare una buona/cattiva influenza su qn
under the influence of drugs → sotto l'effetto della droga
under the influence of drink → sotto l'effetto dell'alcol (Law) → in stato di ebbrezza
he was under the influence (fam) → aveva alzato il gomito