(1) In one case report of an emergency laparotomy in a lehovah's Witness patient with a placenta previa, uterine rupture, massive hemorrhage (hematocrit nadir of 6%), and hypovolemic shock, direct pressure applied to the infradiaphragmatic
aorta and pelvic organs permitted the anesthesiologist to stabilize the patient's cardiovascular status, facilitating the patient's recovery from shock.
Abdominopelvic CT is the main method of detecting infradiaphragmatic
relapses in 85-99% of surveillance cases.
An international population-based investigation of 10-year TCS reported that the RR of SMN at sites included in typical infradiaphragmatic
radiotherapy fields were significantly larger than risks at unexposed sites (RR 2.7 versus 1.6; P < 0.05), which remained elevated for more than 35 years.
Whole-body PET scan (Figure 4) showed progressing pulmonary consolidations and nodules compared to the CT, multiple osseous involvements, generalized, metabolically active lymphadenopathy involving supra- and infradiaphragmatic
regions, and hepatomegaly with solitary hepatic lesion.
Kimura et al., "Outcome of surgical intervention for isolated intrathoracic lymph node metastasis from infradiaphragmatic
malignancy: report of two cases," Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.
It showed a high 18F-FDG uptake and an increase in size in the cervical, supradiaphragmatic, and infradiaphragmatic
The pT3b category consisted of 40 patients and 20 (50%) had infradiaphragmatic
vena cava involvement (IVCI) only.
Tumoral burden was assessed by positron emission tomography using [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose and showed diffuse supra- and infradiaphragmatic
Right lobe of the liver was mobilized medially and infradiaphragmatic
control of the IVC was attempted but failed.
ECMO was instituted via peripheral cannulation, in which the femoral artery and vein were cannulated with single-lumen cannulae, for drainage from the infradiaphragmatic
inferior vena cava and return into the iliac artery.
However, no patient received infradiaphragmatic
Mediastinal metastases of infradiaphragmatic