inhibitory

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Related to inhibitory postsynaptic potential: excitatory postsynaptic potential

in·hib·it

 (ĭn-hĭb′ĭt)
tr.v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its
1.
a. To hold back; restrain: barricades that inhibited the movement of the crowd; a lack of knowledge that inhibited his inclination to ask questions. See Synonyms at restrain.
b. To cause (a person) to behave in a restrained or self-conscious way: He felt inhibited by the presence of so many famous people.
c. Psychology To suppress or restrain (behavior, an impulse, or a desire) consciously or unconsciously.
2.
a. Chemistry To prevent or decrease the rate of (a reaction).
b. Biology To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of (an enzyme or organ, for example).
3. To prohibit (an ecclesiastic) from performing clerical duties.

[Middle English inhibiten, to forbid, from Latin inhibēre, inhibit-, to restrain, forbid : in-, in; see in-2 + habēre, to hold; see ghabh- in Indo-European roots.]

in·hib′it·a·ble adj.
in·hib′i·tive, in·hib′i·to′ry (-tôr′ē) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.inhibitory - restrictive of action; "a repressive regime"; "an overly strict and inhibiting discipline"
restrictive - serving to restrict; "teenagers eager to escape restrictive home environments"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

inhibitory

[ɪnˈhɪbɪtərɪ] ADJinhibitorio
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

inhibitory

adj (Psych) → hemmend; (Physiol also) → behindernd
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
In postsynaptic buccal cells, B34 and B40 produce chloride-mediated rapid inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) that are desensitized by GABA and the [GABA.sub.A] agonist muscimol, blocked by the [GABA.sub.A] antagonists picrotoxin and bicuculline, and augmented by the GABA uptake inhibitor nipecotic acid (Jing et al., 2003).
AMP A and NMDA are glutamate type receptors and are responsible for the induction of [Ca.sup.+] along with some other cations which results in the rise of excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP), whereas GABA's are mainly responsible for the inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP).
The energy waveforms of an excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) and inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) are shown in Figures 3 and 4, respectively.