inhibit

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inhibit

hold in check, restrain: The police officer will inhibit rowdy behavior.
Not to be confused with:
inhabit – be present in, make one’s home or live in: I inhabit a remodeled church.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

in·hib·it

 (ĭn-hĭb′ĭt)
tr.v. in·hib·it·ed, in·hib·it·ing, in·hib·its
1.
a. To hold back; restrain: barricades that inhibited the movement of the crowd; a lack of knowledge that inhibited his inclination to ask questions. See Synonyms at restrain.
b. To cause (a person) to behave in a restrained or self-conscious way: He felt inhibited by the presence of so many famous people.
c. Psychology To suppress or restrain (behavior, an impulse, or a desire) consciously or unconsciously.
2.
a. Chemistry To prevent or decrease the rate of (a reaction).
b. Biology To decrease, limit, or block the action or function of (an enzyme or organ, for example).
3. To prohibit (an ecclesiastic) from performing clerical duties.

[Middle English inhibiten, to forbid, from Latin inhibēre, inhibit-, to restrain, forbid : in-, in; see in-2 + habēre, to hold; see ghabh- in Indo-European roots.]

in·hib′it·a·ble adj.
in·hib′i·tive, in·hib′i·to′ry (-tôr′ē) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

inhibit

(ɪnˈhɪbɪt)
vb (tr) , -its, -iting or -ited
1. to restrain or hinder (an impulse, a desire, etc)
2. to prohibit; forbid
3. (Chemistry) to stop, prevent, or decrease the rate of (a chemical reaction)
4. (Electronics) electronics
a. to prevent the occurrence of (a particular signal) in a circuit
b. to prevent the performance of (a particular operation)
[C15: from Latin inhibēre to restrain, from in-2 + habēre to have]
inˈhibitable adj
inˈhibitive, inˈhibitory adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•hib•it

(ɪnˈhɪb ɪt)

v.t.
1. to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).
2. to prohibit; forbid.
3. to suppress or restrain from free expression, as of socially unacceptable behavior.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Latin inhibēre to restrain =in- in-2 + habēre to have, hold]
in•hib′it•a•ble, adj.
in•hib′i•to`ry, in•hib′i•tive, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

inhibit


Past participle: inhibited
Gerund: inhibiting

Imperative
inhibit
inhibit
Present
I inhibit
you inhibit
he/she/it inhibits
we inhibit
you inhibit
they inhibit
Preterite
I inhibited
you inhibited
he/she/it inhibited
we inhibited
you inhibited
they inhibited
Present Continuous
I am inhibiting
you are inhibiting
he/she/it is inhibiting
we are inhibiting
you are inhibiting
they are inhibiting
Present Perfect
I have inhibited
you have inhibited
he/she/it has inhibited
we have inhibited
you have inhibited
they have inhibited
Past Continuous
I was inhibiting
you were inhibiting
he/she/it was inhibiting
we were inhibiting
you were inhibiting
they were inhibiting
Past Perfect
I had inhibited
you had inhibited
he/she/it had inhibited
we had inhibited
you had inhibited
they had inhibited
Future
I will inhibit
you will inhibit
he/she/it will inhibit
we will inhibit
you will inhibit
they will inhibit
Future Perfect
I will have inhibited
you will have inhibited
he/she/it will have inhibited
we will have inhibited
you will have inhibited
they will have inhibited
Future Continuous
I will be inhibiting
you will be inhibiting
he/she/it will be inhibiting
we will be inhibiting
you will be inhibiting
they will be inhibiting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been inhibiting
you have been inhibiting
he/she/it has been inhibiting
we have been inhibiting
you have been inhibiting
they have been inhibiting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been inhibiting
you will have been inhibiting
he/she/it will have been inhibiting
we will have been inhibiting
you will have been inhibiting
they will have been inhibiting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been inhibiting
you had been inhibiting
he/she/it had been inhibiting
we had been inhibiting
you had been inhibiting
they had been inhibiting
Conditional
I would inhibit
you would inhibit
he/she/it would inhibit
we would inhibit
you would inhibit
they would inhibit
Past Conditional
I would have inhibited
you would have inhibited
he/she/it would have inhibited
we would have inhibited
you would have inhibited
they would have inhibited
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.inhibit - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
blink away, blink, wink - force to go away by blinking; "blink away tears"
dampen, stifle - smother or suppress; "Stifle your curiosity"
choke back, choke down, choke off - suppress; "He choked down his rage"
silence, still, hush, hush up, quieten, shut up - cause to be quiet or not talk; "Please silence the children in the church!"
burke - get rid of, silence, or suppress; "burke an issue"
silence - keep from expression, for example by threats or pressure; "All dissenters were silenced when the dictator assumed power"
quell, squelch, quench - suppress or crush completely; "squelch any sign of dissent"; "quench a rebellion"
muffle, stifle, strangle, repress, smother - conceal or hide; "smother a yawn"; "muffle one's anger"; "strangle a yawn"
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
2.inhibit - limit the range or extent of; "Contact between the young was inhibited by strict social customs"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
3.inhibit - limit, block, or decrease the action or function of; "inhibit the action of the enzyme"; "inhibit the rate of a chemical reaction"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
hinder, impede - be a hindrance or obstacle to; "She is impeding the progress of our project"
4.inhibit - control and refrain from showing; of emotions, desires, impulses, or behavior
keep back, restrain, hold back, keep - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
quench - electronics: suppress (sparking) when the current is cut off in an inductive circuit, or suppress (an oscillation or discharge) in a component or device
choke - check or slow down the action or effect of; "She choked her anger"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

inhibit

verb
1. hinder, stop, prevent, check, bar, arrest, frustrate, curb, restrain, constrain, obstruct, impede, bridle, stem the flow of, throw a spanner in the works of, hold back or in Sugary drinks inhibit digestion.
hinder allow, further, encourage, enable, permit
2. prevent, stop, bar, frustrate, forbid, prohibit, debar The poor will be inhibited from getting the medical care they need.
prevent support, let, allow, encourage, enable, permit, abet
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

inhibit

verb
1. To control, restrict, or arrest:
2. To check the freedom and spontaneity of:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَمْنَع، يُعيق، يَكْبَح
bránitpotlačit
forhindrehæmme
estäärajoittaa
akadályozgátol
hindra, aftra
制止する抑制する抑止する阻止する
užsidaręsvaržtaivaržymas
apvaldītkavētnomākt
hämma
engellemek
перешкоджати

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] VT (= check) → inhibir, reprimir; (= prevent) → impedir
to inhibit sb from doing sthimpedir a algn hacer algo
don't let my presence inhibit the discussionno quiero que mi presencia detenga la discusión
we cannot inhibit progressno podemos reprimir el progreso
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] vt
(= restrict) [+ growth, development, process, ability] → inhiber
(= discourage) [+ person] → inhiber
to inhibit sb from doing sth → désinciter qn à faire qch
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

inhibit

vthemmen (also Psych, Sci); ability, performancebeeinträchtigen; to inhibit somebody from doing somethingjdn daran hindern, etw zu tun; don’t let me inhibit youhaben Sie meinetwegen keine Hemmungen; don’t let my presence inhibit the discussionlassen Sie sich durch meine Anwesenheit in Ihrer Diskussion nicht stören
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

inhibit

[ɪnˈhɪbɪt] vtinibire
to inhibit sb from doing sth → impedire a qn di fare qc
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

inhibit

(inˈhibit) verb
to stop or hinder (eg someone from doing something).
inˈhibited adjective
unable to relax and express one's feelings in an open and natural way.
inhibition (iniˈbiʃən) noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

in·hib·it

v. inhibir; inhibirse, cohibirse.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

inhibit

vt inhibir
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
For all this, however, poor Tom smarted in the flesh; for though Thwackum had been inhibited to exercise his arm on the foregoing account, yet, as the proverb says, It is easy to find a stick, &c.
The life was a new and alluring one, and in addition he had a sorrow in his breast and a great longing which he knew could never be fulfilled, and so he sought in study and in dissipation--the two extremes--to forget the past and inhibit contemplation of the future.
In this case our ordinary system of habits--those which we call expressive of our 'real selves'-- inhibit or quench (keep inactive or partially inactive) those habits and instinctive tendencies which belong largely in the past"(p.
In appearance and atmosphere he was a strapping big college man, smooth-faced and easy-mannered, clean and simple and wholesome, with a known record of being a splendid athlete and an implied vast possession of cold culture of the inhibited sort.
Carpio inhibits from kalikasan writ hearing on WPS !-- -- Edu Punay (The Philippine Star) - July 3, 2019 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio has inhibited from the environmental protection case filed with the Supreme Court (SC) by Zambales and Palawan fishermen aimed at compelling the government to protect marine resources in the West Philippine Sea and stop Chinese environmental depredation in Philippine waters.
However, she said 'in order not to cast doubt on the integrity and impartiality of the Presiding Judge and to disabuse the mind of the accused and her counsel who have expressed serious doubts on her objectivity in resolving this case due to the adverse orders issued against her, the court, acting on its sound discretion, voluntarily inhibits herself from further hearing the case.'
Except for the signaling pathways mentioned above, there are others to affect the cancer stem cells; for example, FOXO3/LKB1/AMPK/PGC-1[beta]/PDHA1 pathway is essential for CD44 expression and CSCs properties [89]; the mutual regulation between STAT3 and miR-181b could induce esophageal cancer stem-like cells proliferation and apoptosis resistance via CYLD pathway [90], and miR-34c-5p inhibits amphiregulin (AREG) to suppress ovarian cancer stemness and drug resistance via the AREG-EGFR-ERK pathway [91].
Recently, we showed that a methanol extract of Ganoderma lucidum inhibits scratching, an itch-related response, induced by intradermal injections of some pruritogens in mice.
* Inhibits collagen breakdown (pomegranate flower component inhibits MMP-1);
Washington, May 28 (ANI): A drug named Chapel Hill - Tacrolimus that is commonly used to prevent organ transplantation rejection inhibits breast cancer growth, a UNC laboratory study has shown.
Adding the extract to raw ground beef before it is cooked significantly inhibits the formation of peroxides and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances in the cooked product during refrigerated storage.
The synthetic version of Herp consisting of ten amino acids inhibits the replication of DNA viruses such as herpes viruses types 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus and varicella zoster virus as well as Tubercle bacilli.