In the literature, there have been cases of injury or laceration of innominate
artery, esophagus, trachea, brachial plexus, and even vena cava or compression on vena cava because of posterior dislocation and cases having symptoms due to compression of tumours of head of clavicle (2-9).
Hemorrhage most frequently found from wound edges, followed by anterior jugular veins and innominate
artery (IA), left carotid artery (LCA), and left subclavian artery (LSCA) were mobilized.
A comparison of the innominate
and pericapsular osteotomy in the treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip.
She has also written reviews and essays, including "Shades of Melancholy" in Melancholia: Hinge as Innominate
Limina, by Will Alexander, Heller Levinson, and Mary Newell.
Because of mass effect, there was splaying of the inferior poles of the thyroid lobes and the left and right innominate
veins (figure 1).
This could be because of the anatomical characteristics that the left subclavian artery, delivering the blood from the heart to left arm, and common carotid artery, delivering the blood from the heart to the brain, emerge separately from the aortic arch on the left side of the body while the right subclavian artery, delivering the blood from the heart to the right arm, and right common carotid artery, delivering the blood from the heart to the brain, split from the innominate
artery at the neck (Figure 6).
LaMonte hypothesized that since the right innominate
vein lies in close contact with the right apical pleura, any increase in intrathoracic pressure would increase the pressure on the IJV, making phlebectasia more common on the right side .
Specifically, it extended to the bifurcation of the trachea on the dorsal side of the superior vena cava, the innominate
vein, the aortic arch, and the ventral side of the trachea.
Venogram showed totally occluded right subclavain vein and left innominate
Life-threatening structures that may be affected include the pharynx; esophagus; trachea; thyroid gland; innominate
artery; brachiocephalic vein; subclavian artery and vein; common, internal, and external carotid arteries; jugular vein; and vertebral artery (3).