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 (ĭn′kwə-līn′, -lĭn, ĭng′-)
An animal that characteristically lives commensally in the nest, burrow, or dwelling place of an animal of another species.
Being or living as an inquiline.

[Latin inquilīnus, lodger, tenant : in-, in; see in-2 + colere, to inhabit; see kwel- in Indo-European roots.]

in′qui·lin·ism (-lə-nĭz′əm), in′qui·lin′i·ty (-lĭn′ĭ-tē) n.
in′qui·lin′ous (-lī′nəs) adj.


(Zoology) an animal that lives in close association with another animal without harming it. See also commensal1
(Zoology) of or living as an inquiline
[C17: from Latin inquilīnus lodger, from in-2 + colere to dwell]
inquilinism, inquilinity n
inquilinous adj


(ˈɪn kwəˌlaɪn, -lɪn)

an animal that lives in the coat, nest, burrow, etc., of another animal, usu. without harm to the host.
[1635–45; < Latin inquilīnus tenant]
in`qui•lin′i•ty (-ˈlɪn ɪ ti) n.
in`qui•li′nous (-ˈlaɪ nəs) adj.


an animal that inhabits the burrow, nest, or other habitation of another animal. — inquiline, adj.
See also: Animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Most research on the fauna associated with fungus-growing ant nests has been focused on the genera Atta and Acromyrmex, particularly on some groups of inquilines such as Coleoptera and Araneae (Cushing 1997; Vazde-Mello et al.
Until the nineteenth century advent of steel-hulled ships, these collateral cargoes included hull-fouling aquatics, shipboard inquilines like beetles and rodents, parasites, intestinal flora and disease organisms affecting crews and manifested live cargoes, an assortment of airborne arthropods, all else unwittingly occupying containers, commodities and crate woods and anything that could survive the rough handling of dirt and cobblestone ballast materials (most often seeds that germinated where ballast was offloaded).
These crickets live as inquilines within ant nests, feeding on the secretions of their hosts either from the walls of the nest or from the bodies of the ants themselves (Wheeler 1900; Capinera et al.
We also report observations on parasitoids and inquilines associated with these galls, which might be of interest for future research.
Two of the three remaining Holarctic species are social parasites, inquilines, which have different hosts in the Nearctic and Palearctic Regions.
These two inquilines apparently have lost the ability to produce workers, such that their continued survival relies on the worker caste of the hosts P.
Ant crickets are inquilines that spend their entire life cycle in the nest of the host ant.
Phytophagous forms are known from at leas t six plant families and most often attack seeds and stems (borers or gallers) or live as inquilines in galls formed by other insects.
Most sphecine genera nest in cavities in the ground, although some nest aerially and a few are inquilines (Bohart and Menke, 1963).