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1. In the place of something previously mentioned; as a substitute or an equivalent: Having planned to drive, we walked instead.
2. In preference; as an alternative: yearned instead for a home and family.

[Middle English in sted of, in place of : in, in; see in1 + stede, place; see stead + of, of; see of.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. as a replacement, substitute, or alternative
2. instead of (preposition) in place of or as an alternative to
[C13: from phrase in stead in place]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



1. as a substitute or replacement; in the place or stead of someone or something.
2. as an accepted alternative; in preference.
instead of, in place of.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


instead of
1. 'instead'

Instead is an adverb. You use it when saying what someone does rather than doing something else.

Hema did not answer. Instead she looked out of the taxi window.
I felt like crying, but I managed to smile instead.
2. 'instead of'

Instead of is a preposition. You use it to introduce something that is not done, not used, or not true, in contrast to something that is done, is used, or is true.

Why not use your bike to get to work instead of your car?
You can have rice instead of potatoes.

You can say that someone does something instead of doing something else.

You could always go camping instead of staying in a hotel.
Why don't you help, instead of standing there and watching?

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone does something 'instead to do' something else.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.instead - in place of, or as an alternative to; "Felix became a herpetologist instead"; "alternatively we could buy a used car"
2.instead - on the contrary; "rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left"; "he didn't call; rather (or instead), he wrote her a letter"; "used English terms instead of Latin ones"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


adverb rather, alternatively, preferably, in preference, in lieu, on second thoughts Forget about dieting and eat normally instead.
instead of in place of, rather than, in preference to, in lieu of, in contrast with, as an alternative or equivalent to She had to spend four months away, instead of the usual two.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
místomísto toho
i stedet
αντ’ αυτού
sen sijaan
umjesto toga
í staîinn
그 대신에
namiesto toho
i ställetistället
thay vì


A. ADV I was tempted to spend the money, but I put it in the bank insteadtuve la tentación de gastar el dinero, pero en lugar de ello or en vez de eso, lo metí en el banco
she wanted to run away, but instead she carried on walkingquería echar a correr, pero sin embargo siguió andando
she's allergic to soap, so she uses cleanser insteades alérgica al jabón, así es que usa una crema limpiadora en su lugar
he was busy, so I went insteadél estaba ocupado, así es que fui yo en su lugar
we had expected to make £2,000, instead, we barely made £200esperábamos sacar unas 2.000 libras y en cambio apenas sacamos 200
B. PREP instead ofen vez de, en lugar de
I used margarine instead of butterusé margarina en vez de or en lugar de mantequilla
we decided to walk instead of taking the busdecidimos andar en vez de or en lugar de tomar el autobús
he went instead of mefue en mi lugar
this is instead of a Christmas presentesto hace las veces de regalo de Navidad
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ɪnˈstɛd] advau lieu de cela, plutôt
Judy did not answer. Instead she looked out of the window → Judy ne répondit pas. Au lieu de cela, elle regarda par la fenêtre.
Her ambition was to become an airline pilot. Instead she became a policewoman → Elle avait l'ambition d'être pilote de ligne; au lieu de cela, elle est devenue policière.
It's too cold to walk, let's go in the car instead → Il fait trop froid pour y aller à pied, prenons la voiture plutôt.
Don't use sugar. Try honey instead
BUT Ne vous servez pas de sucre. Essayez le miel à la place.Ne vous servez pas de sucre, essayez plutôt le miel.
The pool was closed, so we played tennis instead
BUT La piscine était fermée, alors nous avons joué au tennis.
instead of (= rather than) → au lieu de
We played tennis instead of going swimming → Nous avons joué au tennis au lieu d'aller nager.
Use margarine instead of butter → Servez-vous de margarine au lieu de beurre. (= in the place of) [+ person] → à la place de
He went instead of Peter → Il y est allé à la place de Peter.
He went instead of her → Il y est allé à sa place.
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


prep instead ofstatt (+gen or (inf) +dat), → anstelle or an Stelle von; instead of going to school(an)statt zur Schule zu gehen; instead of thatstatt dessen; his brother came instead of himsein Bruder kam an seiner Stelle or statt ihm (inf); he accidentally hit Jim instead of Johner traf aus Versehen Jim (an)statt John; this is instead of a Christmas presentdas ist anstelle or an Stelle eines Weihnachtgeschenks
advstattdessen, dafür; if he doesn’t want to go, I’ll go insteadwenn er nicht gehen will, gehe ich (stattdessen); if he doesn’t come here, I shall go there insteadwenn er nicht herkommt, gehe ich stattdessen hin
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. advinvece
don't take Tom, take Fred instead → non prendere Tom, prendi piuttosto Fred
I haven't got any coffee, will cocoa do instead? → non ho caffè, va bene lo stesso il cacao?
if you're not going, I'll go instead → se non vai tu, andrò io al posto tuo
2. prep instead ofinvece di
instead of sb → al posto di qn
instead of doing sth → invece di fare qc
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(inˈsted) adverb
as a substitute; in place of something or someone. I don't like coffee. Could I please have tea instead?
instead of
in place of. Please take me instead of him; You should have been working instead of watching television.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


بَدَلَاً مِنْ místo i stedet anstatt αντ’ αυτού en cambio sen sijaan plutôt umjesto toga invece その代わりに 그 대신에 in plaats daarvan i stedet zamiast tego em vez взамен i stället แทน yerine thay vì 代替
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
To the beekeeper's tap on the wall of the sick hive, instead of the former instant unanimous humming of tens of thousands of bees with their abdomens threateningly compressed, and producing by the rapid vibration of their wings an aerial living sound, the only reply is a disconnected buzzing from different parts of the deserted hive.
A CHARGER, feeling the infirmities of age, was sent to work in a mill instead of going out to battle.
But the alteration of a single word by Euripides, who employed the rarer term instead of the ordinary one, makes one verse appear beautiful and the other trivial.
If the Marionette had been told to wait a day instead of twenty minutes, the time could not have seemed longer to him.
Besides that, to have two bits instead of one -- and mine was a sharp one, it hurt my tongue and my jaw, and the blood from my tongue colored the froth that kept flying from my lips as I chafed and fretted at the bits and rein.
But such was either the hatred or avarice of this man, that instead of doing us the good offices he pretended, he advised the King to refuse our present, that he might draw from us something more valuable.
But the sand hill only drove the pond a little farther away, and its waters seemed to increase instead of diminishing.
My short-sword, sharp and gleaming was in my right hand; I could have plunged it into his putrid heart before he realized that I was upon him; but as I raised my arm to strike I thought of Tars Tarkas, and, with all my rage, with all my hatred, I could not rob him of that sweet moment for which he had lived and hoped all these long, weary years, and so, instead, I swung my good right fist full upon the point of his jaw.
Manson Mingott's, and with the added satisfaction of knowing they would get hot canvas-back ducks and vintage wines, instead of tepid Veuve Clicquot without a year and warmed-up croquettes from Philadelphia.
He shared breakfast with Skipper, who, instead of eating, washed down with a cup of coffee fifty grains of quinine wrapped in a cigarette paper, and who complained to the mate that he would have to get under the blankets and sweat out the fever that was attacking him.
AND instead of a nice dish of minnows--they had a roasted grasshopper with lady-bird sauce; which frogs consider a beautiful treat; but I think it must have been nasty!
Instead of wasting time and money in trying to trace a stranger, why not tell Mr.