insulin

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Related to insulin deficiency: diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance

in·su·lin

 (ĭn′sə-lĭn)
n.
1. A polypeptide hormone that is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and functions in the regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism, especially the conversion of glucose to glycogen, which lowers the blood glucose level. It consists of two linked polypeptide chains called A and B.
2. Any of various pharmaceutical preparations containing this hormone or a close chemical analog, derived from the pancreas of certain animals or produced through genetic engineering and used in the medical treatment and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

[New Latin īnsula, island (of Langerhans) (from Latin, island) + -in.]

insulin

(ˈɪnsjʊlɪn)
n
(Biology) a protein hormone, secreted in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that controls the concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin deficiency results in diabetes mellitus
[C20: from New Latin insula islet (of the pancreas) + -in]

in•su•lin

(ˈɪn sə lɪn, ˈɪns yə-)

n.
1. a hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.
2. any of several commercial preparations of this substance, each absorbed into the body at a particular rate: used for treating diabetes.
[1910–15; < Latin insul(a) island (alluding to the islets of Langerhans) + -in1]

in·su·lin

(ĭn′sə-lĭn)
1. A hormone produced in the pancreas that acts to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood by causing cells, especially liver and muscle cells, to absorb glucose from the bloodstream.
2. A drug containing this hormone, obtained from the pancreas of animals or produced synthetically and used in treating diabetes.

insulin

A hormone that lowers the level of glucose in blood. Insulin is produced in the pancreas. See pancreatic islets.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.insulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreasinsulin - hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Lente Iletin, Lente Insulin - trade names for forms of insulin that are used to treat diabetes mellitus
Humulin, recombinant human insulin - a form of insulin (trade name Humulin) made from recombinant DNA that is identical to human insulin; used to treat diabetics who are allergic to preparations made from beef or pork insulin
hypoglycaemic agent, hypoglycemic agent - any of various agents that decrease the level of glucose in the blood and are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
Translations
insulien
инсулин
insulina
inzulíninzulin
insulin
insulino
insuliin
انسولین
insuliini
inzulin
inzulin
insulin
insúlín
インシュリンインスリン
인슐린
insulinum
insulinas
insulīns
ഇന്‍സുലിന്‍
insulină
inzulín
insulin
инсулин
insulin
สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อนอินซูลิน
інсулін
جزیرین
chất insulininsulin

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] Ninsulina f

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsuline f
to be on insulin → être sous insuline

insulin

nInsulin nt

insulin

[ˈɪnsjʊlɪn] ninsulina
insulin injection → iniezione f d'insulina

insulin

(ˈinsjulin) noun
a substance used in the treatment of the disease diabetes.

insulin

أَنْسُولِيـنٌ inzulín insulin Insulin ινσουλίνη insulina insuliini insuline inzulin insulina インシュリン 인슐린 insuline insulin insulina insulina инсулин insulin สารชนิดหนึ่งสกัดจากตับอ่อน ensülin chất insulin 胰岛素

in·su·lin

[MIM*176730]
n. insulina. hormona secretada en el páncreas;
___ dependentinsulinodependiente.

insulin

n insulina; basal — insulina basal; human — insulina humana; — analogue análogo de la insulina; — aspart insulina aspart, insulina asparta (INN); — detemir insulina detemir; — glargine insulina glargina; — gluli-sine insulina glulisina; — lispro insulina lispro; intermediate-acting — insulina de acción intermedia; long-acting — insulina de acción prolongada; NPH — insulina NPH; pre-mixed — insulina premezclada; rapid-acting — insulina de acción rápida; rapid-acting — analogue análogo de insulina de acción rápida; recombinant — insulina recombinante; regular — insulina regular; to take — inyectarse insulina
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients without verifiable anti-islet auto antibodies, but with documented insulin deficiency (fasting serum C peptide immunoreactivity 288 mg/dl at first visit.
The causes of pancreatic beta - cell dysfunction in pregnancy, leading to insulin deficiency in GDM, are not fully understood.
We know that excess insulin treatment for diabetes causes weight gain, and insulin deficiency causes weight loss," he said to the magazine.
She says this lesser understood strain of insulin deficiency stops her sleeping some nights, in fear she might not wake up the next morning.
Raised peripheral insulin resistance along with insulin deficiency can lead to diabetes1.
For a person with diabetes, many aspects come into play, such as a relative insulin deficiency, insulin resistance, increased hepatic glucose production, decreased gastric emptying rate and neuroendocrine dysfunction.
DM is a chronic clinical syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency.
Weight reduction does improve blood glucose in these type 2 patients at first, she said, but they'll go into insulin deficiency if they live long enough.
T2D is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance in combination with relative insulin deficiency that results in hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia.
Obesity is strongly associated with insulin resistance which when coupled with relative insulin deficiency leads to type-2 diabetes.
However, insulin deficiency leads to occurence of a picture of ketoacidosis by enabling free fatty acids in the body to be transferred into the plasma.
Insulin deficiency or resistance can promote magnesium wasting at this nephron segment.