These problems cannot be solved within any one agency, program, or intelligence discipline
. We see a compelling need for creative ways to adapt to this new environment that must include improving the technological and operational advantages of the IC with systems and machines capable of manipulating and understanding big data, as well as advancing human-machine and machine-machine collaboration, so analysts can make the best use of their time working on the hardest problems.
A second major intelligence discipline
, imagery or imint, is also
While some scholars consider counterterrorism as part of counterintelligence, others assert counterterrorism to have "developed" into a "separate intelligence discipline
" (Wettering 2000: 266; Codevilla 1992: 325; Hulnick 2007: 10).
That organization, which later became NGA, combined imagery elements from both CIA and DOD to provide a more centralized focus on this critical intelligence discipline
. From those beginnings, this organization has grown into a critical link in America's intelligence apparatus, and made a decisive difference to our national security and recent war effort.
Helen Keller an icon of American history was a woman of intelligence discipline
and ambition who made a significant impact on society in spite of being born blind and deaf.
As they usher in the so-called revolution in military affairs, fast-moving information technologies may do more than merely increase the potency of each individual intelligence discipline
. The US may also see a revolution in its very concept of technical intelligence.
In many ways, we were filling intelligence gaps that no other intelligence discipline
or organization had the ability to do.
The pace of collection, the relative consistency of threats posed by state actors, and the stove-piping of analysis and production along intelligence discipline
production lines (the INTs--signals intelligence [SIGINT], geospatial intelligence [GEOINT], imagery intelligence [IMINT], human intelligence [HUMINT], open-source intelligence [OSINT], and measurement and signals intelligence [MASINT]), (8) enabled the division of effort into separate data problems that could be analyzed in parts by specialists, with all source intelligence answers produced by combining component parts.
HUMINT is a relatively inexpensive intelligence discipline
compared to the high-technology systems and platforms used by the military.
In the typical PED process, DCGS analysts look deeply into the intelligence discipline
stovepipes, narrowly focusing on GEOINT for example, searching for the missiles themselves and their transporter erector launchers (TEL) moving from staging areas to hide sites or launch bays.
(3) Historically, information in the IC was disseminated through single intelligence discipline
stovepipes according to the specific sensor that detected it.
Intelligence from human contacts--humint--is the oldest intelligence discipline
and the one that is most often written about in the media.