Such efficient polymer structure presents the interchain
excitons formed within the blend structure with an easy energy dissipation channel at a diffusion length farther than the normal excitons diffusion length (8-10 nm) in organic polymers and consequently, deteriorating the prospects of radiative loss (photoluminescence) as such.
The enhancement of the complex viscosity may be attributed to the chain extension and cross-linking, which made PBS interchain
The crossover from 1D to 3D hopping with increasing the dopant to monomer molar ratio can be attributed to the enhancement of the interchain
IR data measurements indicate that the interchain
hydrogen bonds are replaced by interactions with guest Ca[(CHOO).sub.2] that binds strongly to nylon6.
C[O.sub.2] dissolved into PET matrix increased the free volume and weakened the interchain
interaction, leading to higher mobility of PET chains, which facilitated the retraction and fold of molecular chains and meanwhile decreased the crystallization enthalpies .
This result is attributed to the temperature-enhanced interchain
association of hydrophobes as the imposed flow elongates and aligns the polymers to promote the intermolecular bridging via the hydrophobic interaction.
Currently, PAN-based carbon fiber dominates consumption, accounting for nearly 90% of all sales worldwide , Due to the intense dipole moment of nitrile groups, the strong intrachain and interchain
interactions caused by secondary bonding make the softening point below its decomposition temperature of PAN, so solution spinning is the most common method to produce precursor of PAN-based carbon fiber, although it is more costly and more hazardous than melt spinning [7, 8], High cost of PAN precursor fiber, which accounts for almost 50% of the total cost, limits the potential widespread use of PAN-based carbon fiber in commercial application in comparison with other structure material like glass fiber and steel.
Fused thiophenes, particularly thienothiophenes and dithienothiophenes (DTT), are the most extensively utilized electron-donating units for low band gap polymers, and they show high hole mobility due to the strong interchain
interactions between the sulfur atoms .
As shown in Figure 2(a), the silver nanoparticles assemble to chain-like arrays with nearly equal interchain
spaces, approximately 38 nm, which corresponds to the period of the in-plane PS domain cylinders in the underlying SBS copolymer substrate.
From X-ray diffraction study it was found that in the fully hydrated condition the interchain
distance of PTATSH90 ([d.sub.sp]= 3.95 [Angstrom]) was sufficiently lower than that of the previously reported PTAQSH-90 ([d.sub.sp]= 6.12 [Angstrom]) copolymer membrane .
The cellulose chains are arranged in a parallel manner and are organized in sheets stabilized by interchain
OH-O hydrogen bonds, whereas the stacking of the sheets is stabilized by both vdW dispersion forces and weak CH-O hydrogen bonds [13, 14] (Figures 6 and 7).
; 2,925 [cm.sup.-1], related to the stretching of C[H.sub.2], v(C[H.sub.2]), due to methylene ; 2,808 [cm.sup.-1]; 2,762 [cm.sup.-1]; 1,724 [cm.sup.-1], related to interchain
hydrogen bonds between [O.sub.6][H.sub.6] groups and C[H.sub.2]COONa groups, and maybe interchain
hydrogen bonds between [O.sub.6]-[H.sub.6] ...