EMG signals were recorded by two pairs of silver-chloride electrodes (10-mm diameter) with an interelectrode
distance of 2 cm.
In patients with genitourinary functional failure following IRE treatment (i.e., urinary incontinence requiring pads and/or erections insufficient for intercourse), the standard system settings (interelectrode
distance, voltage, amperage, pulse length) and patient characteristics (age, prostate volume, baseline urinary/sexual function) were compared with patients without genitourinary functional failure.
Surface electrodes were placed parallel with muscle fibres, with a 2 cm interelectrode
distance (Criswell, 2010; Hermens et al., 1999).
1) the stage of formation of the plasma channel closing the interelectrode
In this case, the MFCV is derived by the ratio between the interelectrode
distance (Ad) and the measure of the propagation time (0) between two EMG electrodes placed along the same muscle fibre .
where d is the interelectrode
distance or thickness of the pressed pellet, A is the cross-sectional of pellet, and [rho] is the resistivity ([rho] = 1/[sigma], [sigma] is the conductivity) of the pellet.
Bipolar surface electrodes (interelectrode
center-to-center distance of 2 cm) were placed on the midmuscle belly for MG and along the middorsal line of the leg, about 2 cm below the insertion of the gastrocnemius on the Achilles tendon for SOL.
After the thermal field electron emission, under the effect of high-strength electric field, the electron avalanche ionizations are generated in the interelectrode
dielectric; when the electron avalanche ionizations reach the anode, the dielectric is broken down and the discharge channel is formed.
where C is a matrix containing the set of m unique interelectrode
pair capacitances (m is 28 for one plane of an 8-electrode sensor as described above), K is a matrix containing the set of n pixel permittivity values inside the sensor (the permittivity image), and bold characters represent matrices.
Surface EMG signals were detected with four silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl), disposable, self-adhesive, bipolar electrodes (Naroxon Dual Electrode, Naroxon, USA) with a fixed interelectrode
distance of 20 mm.
In Phase 2, we analysed the effect of both the amplitude and the frequency stimulus for a fixed interelectrode
distance of 2 cm.
EMG signals were measured by active differential electrodes (Delsys, 16-channel Bagnolis EMG System, Boston, MA, USA) attached on muscle bellies with 1 cm interelectrode
distance after cleaning the skin.