The MSP program also requires all participating carriers to sign the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA), which sets forth ironclad obligations to the Department of Defense specifying how the companies' vessels and intermodal systems
can be utilized in support of US national emergencies.
The Intermodal Systems
Program at TEA influences deployment doctrine, planning, and available deployment infrastructure.
work best with mass movements of containers, especially by rail, to major markets, says Biehl.
NLC has urged the federal government to work with local officials in crafting a new transportation law that builds on the success of TEA 21 and confronts the challenges of transportation security, growing congestion, intermodal systems
and new local roles and responsibilities.
The Ministers also approved two draft Resolutions, one designed to promote short-haul shipping activities and the other intermodal systems
. They also considered the status of the GALILEO project and debated air transport initiatives involving the creation of a aircraft safety agency and reducing aircraft noise.
The social problems of total car dependence and the superiority of intermodal systems
are not mentioned.
This effort focused first on the need for ITS, which is the main subject of this article, along with related reauthorization issues such as intermodal systems
management, devolution (the transfer of some authority from the federal government to state and local agencies), and an effective federal role.
The standard approach to developing models of intermodal systems
has been to generalize a unimodal model of a freight network or market.
Development of these smarter intermodal systems
provides the technologies needed to maintain a competitive transportation network.
While fundamental activities continue to be dominated by storage and conservation of perishable products and related duties, the trend is to offer new, higher value-added services including order preparation, stock management, customs documentation, computerized "on-time" information and intermodal systems
, distribution and transportation.