The internal jugular vein
had been cut through, with such violence, judging by the appearances, that the wound could not have been inflicted, in the act of suicide, by the hand of the deceased person.
Our study showed that catheterization in internal jugular vein
was significantly associated with bacteremia which is in disagreement with some earlier reports that showed that anatomic site did not affect bacterial infections17.
Open-accessed literature 6,10 (with reference to Pakistan) is available on comparison between HD internal jugular vein
(IJV) and subclavian vein (SCV) catherterization.
The possible conditions causing secondary internal jugular vein
dilatation like intra-thoracic space occupying lesions compressing over the great vein were ruled out with the help of ENT surgeon and hence the diagnosis of idiopathic internal jugular Phlebectasia was made.
(b) Magnetic resonance angiography showing non-visualization of the transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus, and the internal jugular vein
Specimens of bilateral neck dissection with preservation of the spinal accessory nerve, internal jugular vein
and sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Endovascular treatment was scheduled based on the diagnosis of direct high-flow arteriovenous fistula of vertebro-vertebral location in the right V2 segment with overload of the cervical vertebral perispinal plexus and final drainage into the internal jugular vein
. The treatment was performed 2 days later under general anesthesia for selective right vertebral artery catheterization through the femoral approach and embolization with platinum coils, resulting in uncomplicated complete fistula occlusion.
In our patient, the tumor was attached to the supraclavicular fossa and adherent to the scalene muscles, expanding nearby to involve vital anatomic structures, such as the internal jugular vein
and accessory and phrenic nerves.
On the left side of the internal jugular vein
, there was evidence of hyperplasia, vascular expansion, and significant proliferation of the vascular endothelium.
The common carotid artery, vagus nerve and internal jugular vein
were dissected to expose its relationship to the ansa cervicalis.
The lesion showed irregular peripheral enhancement with displacement of the internal jugular vein
and the common carotid artery.
Hepatic vein recanalization has been classically achieved through internal jugular vein
or percutaneous transhepatic approaches.