Esperon pointed out that Sulu, where the President would want the joint exercises to happen, is part of the country's internal waters.
Sulu Sea is internal waters so they cannot just come in,' he said.
The Ministry of External Affairs had earlier under the Maritime Zone Act had notified all the waters within the baseline around the Indian Coast including Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands as Internal Waters
The waters are either Canadian territorial waters--that is, territorial seas--or Canadian internal waters.
Whether the waters are internal waters or territorial seas does not obviate the right of foreign-flagged ships to transit them, it merely changes the navigational regime that applies to such ships.
The land area includes internal waters
and waters landward of the baseline, in accordance with international law.
Including the internal waters is essential for our future.
The legal aspect of the internal waters issue is very interesting.
But because China's statement invoked both "sovereignty" (which, pursuant to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, or Unclos, can be exercised only in internal waters and the territorial sea) and "sovereign rights" (which, pursuant to the same, is exercised only in the exclusive economic zone, or EEZ, that is 200 nautical miles from the baseline of a state), it was uncertain if it claimed the West Philippine Sea as a lake where its sovereignty may be exercised, or as part of its EEZ, where it can only explore and exploit the natural resources found there.
But after it announced its intention to board foreign vessels in the disputed waters, it is now clear that China treats the disputed waters as its internal waters.
Any waters that lie inland of the territorial sea (bays, inlets, harbours etc) are known as internal waters and are subject to the full sovereignty of the coastal state with no associated right of innocent passage through them.
Its authority is more limited over vessels than it would have if the waters were territorial sea and substantially less than if the waters are internal waters of the state.