It scores the marginal and interproximal
tissues separately on the basis of 0 to 3.
In the healthy periodontium, the crest of the interproximal
bone is 2 mm apical to cementoenamel junction.
Patients regularly attending the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) College of Dentistry for periodontal maintenance therapy were screened for the following inclusion criteria: individuals between 40-85 years of age, a periodontal diagnosis of moderate-severe chronic periodontitis, a history of regular periodontal maintenance therapy ([greater than or equal to]2/year), a [less than or equal to] 5 mm posterior interproximal
pocket with a history of BOP, no systemic diseases (e.g.
Horizontal Angulation: Correct horizontal angulation is important when looking for interproximal
reduction was performed for the crowding of the mandibular anterior teeth during the treatment.
Descriptive statistics were employed to estimate the mean and interproximal
gingival indices (GI; IGI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), overall gingival inflammation prevalence, and severity; the overall average for mean and interproximal
visible dental plaque indices (VPI; IVPI) and calculus index were calculated, with 95% confidence intervals.
Alleviating dental crowding without extractions requires an increase in arch perimeter or interproximal
reductions to attain good teeth alignment 14.
 The basic underlying principle of the SFA consists of the elevation of a limited mucoperiosteal flap to allow access to the defect from either the buccal or oral aspect only, depending on the main buccal/ oral extension of the lesion (as assessed by preoperative bone sounding), allowing the interproximal
supracrestal gingival tissues to remain intact.
These were then further categorized into 2 subgroups (broad and interproximal
Therefore, the patient's treatment plan would entail nonextraction camouflage treatment by mandibular distalization and skeletal anchorage in both arches or Class III elastics with interproximal
reduction on the lower anterior teeth.
For this study, symmetrical welds were considered for all contacts, except for the abutment/implant contact and interproximal
crowns of nonsplinted models, for which symmetric contact was simulated.