Several authors have demonstrated the kinetic metabolism of the stress, concurring in the first liberation of glucocorticoids hormones, especially cortisol, from the interrenal
tissue of fish, in response to tension agent, which represents a primary response to the stress (Barton 2002; Cnaani et al., 2004).
To track the interrenal
hormonal changes across the process of sex change, blood plasma samples were collected on eight time-points across a 71-day period.
Crowding causes prolonged leucopenia in salmonid fish, despite interrenal
Other histopathologic changes identified were hyperplasia of connective fibrous tissue in the kidney glomerula, golden brown pigment in the neurons of the brain, and vacuolar degeneration of the adrenal interrenal
Arukwe, "Modulation of acute steroidogenesis, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and CYP3A/PXR in salmon interrenal
tissues by tributyltin and the second messenger activator, forskolin," Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol.
[8.] Hontela A, Daniel C, Ricard AC (1996) Effects of acute and subacute exposures to cadmium on the interrenal
and thyroid function in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.
Responsiveness of the interrenal
tissue of Jundia (Rhamdia quelen) to an in vivo ACTH test following acute exposure to sublethal concentrations of agrichemicals.
Under stress conditions, the hypothalamus releases corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) toward blood circulation and stimulates the secretion of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) from the anterior pituitary gland which activates cortisol release by the interrenal
In the 9th case of the woman with the dissecting AAA and the right renal and right CIA malperfusion (Figure 8), right renal artery was fixated with perimetric sutures (2-8 hours) following deep-V shape aortotomy (12 hours) at the interrenal
part; an aortobifemoral Y-graft was used; left IIA was perfusedvia antegradeflow from theleft CFA; preoperative planning included hepatic-renal artery bypass.
We chose to sample both anterior and posterior kidney for the different physiological roles they play: anterior kidney is indeed a homologous of mammalian adrenal cortex, that is, Interrenal
Gland (IG)--and also harbours limphohaematopoietic tissue, chromaffin cells, and MA; the posterior portion is mainly devoted to maintaining the hydroelectrolytic balance 17].
Peter, "The interruption of thyroid and interrenal
and the inter-hormonal interference in fish: does it promote physiologic adaptation or maladaptation?" General and Comparative Endocrinology, vol.
Stress induces cortisol secretion by the interrenal
tissue, and this hormone causes various secondary stress responses, including increased glucose and lactate plasma levels (ROTLLANT et al., 2001; SKJERVOLD et al., 2001).