In the second place, Hayek's notion of spontaneous order should be reelaborated as spontaneous lifeworlds, as intersubjective
relationships in which the purposes of one and the other tend to coincide.
In this Dada excursion, as in the examples given above, intersubjective
relations weren't an end in themselves but rather served to unfold a more complex knot of concerns about pleasure, visibility, engagement, and the conventions of social interaction.
Jacqueline Best presents three forms of ambiguity: technical (arising from insufficient information), contested (arising from political differences) and intersubjective
. The latter is not quite clear and I was unable to find it in my Oxford English Dictionary (which is useless for postmodern-speak, I'm afraid).
The theoretical foundation of Mintz's argument comes from relational psychoanalysis or intersubjective
theory, which replaces 'the subject/object structure governing traditional psychoanalytic paradigms' with 'the requirement that the other be acknowledged as a separate self, in order to guarantee not simply that other's subjectivity, but the subjectivity of the self as well' (p.
and interpersonal theories, as well as current forms of self psychology and object relations, all focus on the interpenetration of self and other within a relational matrix.
Rather, she speculates about an "intersubjective
mode," (8) where the Other is not merely met as object of my gaze, but simultaneously credited with eyes of her own.
The three interdependent dimensions are dubbed cognitive or subjective, (4) interactive, and intersubjective
. (5) In this construal, language is a historical, socio-cultural institution, a "phenomenon of the third kind" (Keller 1994: 57), (6) which acquires its functional potency via its embedment in a network of social relational acts performed by speakers, who connect this otherwise powerless abstract system of signs and formal rules to their experientially and interactively conceived conceptualizations, i.e., concepts grounded in neurolophysiologically determined conscious and unconscious cognition (e.g., Johnson and Lakoff 1997, 2002).
HUMANISTIC NURSING (INTERSUBJECTIVE
RELATIONSHIP) MODEL Paterson and Zderad's model emphasizes the uniqueness of individuals and stresses the primacy of understanding the subjective meanings each individual assigns to a situation, regardless of his or her apparent, or not so apparent, ethnic or cultural appearances and characteristics.
He also launches an ambitious theory of an intersubjective
representation of human interaction in the field of the cultural production of knowledge.
Consequently, narrations and life history documents are interpreted in an intersubjective
, self-reflexive way and should be represented by art work, e.g.
To make this claim coherently, of course, we would have to adopt some version of Habermas's own weak foundationalism, according to which "normativity" is derived from the capacity of intersubjective
social interactions to be carried out through the model of communicative encounters and exchanges.