The root ends neither in <s> or <t>--unlike the Latinate bases conductor or oscillator--but rather the consonant <t> is inserted intervocalically
. This may be due to euphony or even playfulness because of their phonological resemblance to other words, like terminator.
/p t k/ [right arrow] [ph th kh] /b d g/ [right arrow] [b d g] word-initially, word-finally, intervocalically
[right arrow] [b d g] medial fully voiced Because /b d g/ may not be (or may partially be) voiced in all environments, and will be fully voiced only when medial, voice onset time (VOT), or aspiration, is thus the sole criterion for establishing phonemic status.
The tap /[??]/, which is described as a single vibration created by the tongue tip contacting the alveolar ridge, is a phoneme in Spanish that contrasts intervocalically
with the trill /r/, which is characterized by a series of the same type of vibration (Hualde, 2005).
Finally with the /g/ phoneme there is significantly more sonorant energy in the upper formants intervocalically
and devoicing word-finally, as seen in Figure 15.
(1912: 38) That is, he proposed that after t had become /d/ intervocalically
, tt was introduced to distinguish the voiceless phoneme /t/ from the "pseudo" or orthographic voiceless one.
In example (13) there is a slight change from the Spanish source: /b/ is retained intervocalically
in JS and the ending is -ar rather than -ear.
In most cases, the difference in the length of consonants is revealed when the consonants occur intervocalically
, i.e., the opposition involves single consonants and geminates.
[t] occurs intervocalically
before a vocalic suffix as in ketu 'He inserted it', patu 'He said it' etc when the vowel is phonetically long.
Lexical gemination occurs both at intervocalic and word final positions, while concatenated gemination occurs intervocalically
. Adjectives show only intervocalic gemination, while in nouns and verbs germination occurs both intervocalically
and word finally.
The n in NP, SP and Sw corresponds to n in Klk, regardless of its occurrence word-finally or intervocalically
. The status of n as a phoneme in Klk is overall weak.