absorption

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Related to intestinal absorption: small intestine, Intestinal permeability

ab·sorp·tion

 (əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
1. The act or process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.
2. A state of mental concentration.

[Latin absorptiō, absorptiōn-, from absorptus, past participle of absorbēre, to absorb; see absorb.]

ab·sorp′tive (-tĭv) adj.
ab′sorp·tiv′i·ty n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

absorption

(əbˈsɔːpʃən; -ˈzɔːp-)
n
1. the process of absorbing or the state of being absorbed
2. (Medicine) physiol
a. normal assimilation by the tissues of the products of digestion
b. the passage of a gas, fluid, drug, etc, through the mucous membranes or skin
3. (General Physics) physics a reduction of the intensity of any form of radiated energy as a result of energy conversion in a medium, such as the conversion of sound energy into heat
4. (Physiology) immunol the process of removing superfluous antibodies or antigens from a mixture using a reagent
[C16: from Latin absorptiōn-, from absorbēre to absorb]
abˈsorptive adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ab•sorp•tion

(æbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-)

n.
1. the act of absorbing.
2. the state of being absorbed.
3. assimilation; incorporation.
4. preoccupation; engrossment.
5. assimilation by molecular or chemical action.
6. the removal of energy or particles from a beam by the medium through which the beam propagates.
[1590–1600; < Latin absorptiō <absorb(ēre) to absorb]
ab•sorp′tive, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ab·sorp·tion

(əb-sôrp′shən)
1. Biology The movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, across a cell membrane by means of diffusion or osmosis.
2. Chemistry The process of drawing a gas or liquid into a solid through the minute spaces between its parts. Compare adsorption.
3. Physics The taking up and storing of energy, such as radiation, light, or sound, without it being reflected or transmitted.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

absorption

1. Uptake of substances, such as digested food and oxygen, into cells.
2. The transfer of digested nutrients from the alimentary canal into blood or lymph.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.absorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates anotherabsorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
imbibition - (chemistry) the absorption of a liquid by a solid or gel
sorption - the process in which one substance takes up or holds another (by either absorption or adsorption)
2.absorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a mediumabsorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; "the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
extinction - the reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation
natural action, natural process, action, activity - a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); "the action of natural forces"; "volcanic activity"
3.absorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with anotherabsorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
Americanisation, Americanization - assimilation into American culture
Anglicisation, Anglicization - the act of anglicizing; making English in appearance
Europeanisation, Europeanization - assimilation into European culture
social process - a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
Westernisation, Westernization - assimilation of Western culture; the social process of becoming familiar with or converting to the customs and practices of Western civilization
4.absorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestionabsorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
malabsorption - abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
5.absorption - complete attentionabsorption - complete attention; intense mental effort
attention - the faculty or power of mental concentration; "keeping track of all the details requires your complete attention"
centering, focus, focusing, focussing, focal point, direction - the concentration of attention or energy on something; "the focus of activity shifted to molecular biology"; "he had no direction in his life"
specialism - the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation
study - a state of deep mental absorption; "she is in a deep study"
6.absorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by somethingabsorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by something
cognitive state, state of mind - the state of a person's cognitive processes
abstractedness, abstraction - preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
absentmindedness - preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

absorption

noun
1. soaking up, consumption, digestion, sucking up, osmosis Vitamin C increases absorption of iron.
2. assimilation, integration, inclusion, fusion, incorporation, amalgamation Two new camps were set up for the absorption of refugees.
3. immersion, holding, involvement, concentration, occupation, engagement, fascination, preoccupation, intentness, captivation, raptness He was struck by the artists' total absorption in their work.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

absorption

noun
1. The process of absorbing and incorporating, especially mentally:
2. Total occupation of the attention or of the mind:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
إمْتِصَاص، إسْتِيعَاب، إنْهِمَاك فِي
абсорбция
pohlcenívstřebání
absorbtion
absorptioimeyttäminenimeytyminensulauttaminensulautuminen
abszorpciófelszívás
ísog, upptaka
absorbowanieabsorpcjapochłanianieprzyswajanie
pohltenie
vpijanje
emme

absorption

[əbˈzɔːpʃən]
A. N (Comm, fig) → absorción f
B. CPD absorption costing Ncálculo m del costo de absorción
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

absorption

[əbˈzɔːrən] n
(= absorbing) [liquid, heat, iron, vitamins] → absorption f
(into country, community) [refugees, immigrants] → absorption f
(= concentration) → attention f
her absorption in her work → son attention dans son travail
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

absorption

nAbsorption f, → Aufnahme f; (of liquid also)Aufsaugung f; (of vibration)Auffangen nt; (of shock)Dämpfung f; (of people, firm)Integration f; her total absorption in her family/studiesihr vollkommenes Aufgehen in ihrer Familie/ihrem Studium; to watch with absorptiongefesselt or gebannt beobachten
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

absorption

[əbˈsɔːpʃn] n
a. (Physiology) → assorbimento (Aut) → ammortizzamento (fig) (of person into group) → integrazione f
b. (fig) → concentrazione f
his absorption in his work prevented him from noticing ... → era così assorbito nel suo lavoro che non ha notato...
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

absorb

(əbˈzoːb) verb
1. to soak up. The cloth absorbed the ink I had spilled.
2. to take up the whole attention of (a person). He was completely absorbed in his book.
abˈsorbent adjective
able to soak up. absorbent paper.
abˈsorption (-ˈzoːp-) noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

ab·sorp·tion

n. absorción.
1. acto de ingerir o introducir líquidos u otras sustancias en el organismo;
cutaneous ______ cutánea;
mouth ______ bucal;
parenteral ______ parenteral;
intestinal ______ entérica;
stomach ______ estomacal
2. ensimismación.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

absorption

n absorción f
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Research on the origins of microplastics ingested by humans, potential intestinal absorption, and effects on human health is urgently needed."
"When it comes to vitamin D deficiency, it's probably better to try and identify what's the underlying cause of that &ndash; is there an intestinal absorption issue?
Chia seeds contain a type of soluble fiber called mucilage, which supports digestive health by delaying gastric emptying and improving intestinal absorption of nutrients.
Consistent, continuous tube feeds significantly increase intestinal absorption of lipids and protein and help wean PN needs (Joly et al., 2009; Wu, Wu, & Wu, 2003).
While VD is required for intestinal absorption of calcium, no change in calcium absorption was found before and after VD correction using calcium as surrogate, suggesting the possibility that maximum vitamin D-dependent calcium absorption is achieved in our subjects at a lower 25OHD status, with higher mean parathyroid hormone levels and normal1, 25 dihydroxy vitamin D levels.7 Association of low levels of VD with health or disease has been emphasized a lot over the last decade, while impact of high VD levels has not been studied.
[7.] Ciampolini M (1974) Influence of environmental temperature on intestinal absorption xylose in rats in vivo.
They displace LDL from the cells and compete for intestinal absorption, preventing LDL from accumulating.
"Intravenous iron overcomes the limited intestinal absorption of oral formulations, and may increase iron stores more quickly."
This results in increased phosphate reabsorption from the kidney and increased vitamin D production, enhancing intestinal absorption of phosphate and calcium.
The intestinal absorption of paclitaxel--a substrate for efflux transports such as P-gp and MRP2--was significantly increased when it was co-administered with genistein (52, 53).
The fractional intestinal absorption of calcium (FA-Ca) was measured using a dual non-radioactive Ca isotope technique in 26 control women, 49 women in the last trimester (36 weeks) of pregnancy and 31 of these women in established (20 weeks) lactation.
Intestinal absorption efficiency can also be affected by the factors that influence cholesterol transport from the small intestine to the lymphatic system.