nutrition

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Related to intravenous nutrition: intravenous feeding, total parenteral nutrition

nu·tri·tion

 (no͞o-trĭsh′ən, nyo͞o-)
n.
1. The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues.
2. The science or study that deals with food and nourishment, especially in humans.
3. A source of nourishment; food.

[Middle English nutricion, from Old French nutrition, from Late Latin nūtrītiō, nūtrītiōn-, from Latin nūtrītus, past participle of nūtrīre, to suckle; see (s)nāu- in Indo-European roots.]

nu·tri′tion·al adj.
nu·tri′tion·al·ly adv.

nutrition

(njuːˈtrɪʃən)
n
1. (Biology) a process in animals and plants involving the intake of nutrient materials and their subsequent assimilation into the tissues.
2. (Biology) the act or process of nourishing
3. (Medicine) the study of nutrition, esp in humans
[C16: from Late Latin nūtrītiō, from nūtrīre to nourish]
nuˈtritional, nuˈtritionary adj
nuˈtritionally adv

nu•tri•tion

(nuˈtrɪʃ ən, nyu-)

n.
1. the act or process of nourishing or of being nourished.
2. the study or science of the dietary requirements of humans and animals for proper health and development.
3. the process by which organisms take in and utilize food material.
4. food; nutriment.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Late Latin nūtrītiō= Latin nūtrī(re) to feed, nourish + -tiō -tion]
nu•tri′tion•al, nu•tri′tion•ar′y, adj.
nu•tri′tion•al•ly, adv.

nu·tri·tion

(no͞o-trĭsh′ən)
The process by which an organism obtains the nutrients needed for growth and metabolism.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nutrition - (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourishednutrition - (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.nutrition - a source of materials to nourish the bodynutrition - a source of materials to nourish the body
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
milk - produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young
course - part of a meal served at one time; "she prepared a three course meal"
dainty, goody, kickshaw, treat, delicacy - something considered choice to eat
dish - a particular item of prepared food; "she prepared a special dish for dinner"
fast food - inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
finger food - food to be eaten with the fingers
ingesta - solid and liquid nourishment taken into the body through the mouth
kosher - food that fulfills the requirements of Jewish dietary law
meal, repast - the food served and eaten at one time
mess - soft semiliquid food; "a mess of porridge"
mince - food chopped into small bits; "a mince of mushrooms"
puree - food prepared by cooking and straining or processed in a blender
stodge - heavy and filling (and usually starchy) food
wheat germ - embryo of the wheat kernel; removed before milling and eaten as a source of vitamins
vitamin - any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
3.nutrition - the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
human, human being, homo, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
science, scientific discipline - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; "the science of genetics"

nutrition

noun food, nourishment, sustenance, nutriment There are alternative sources of nutrition to animal flesh.
Related words
adjective trophic

nutrition

noun
Translations
تَغْذِيَةٌتَغْذِيَه، غِذاء
výživavyživování
ernæring
ravitsemus
prehrana
næring; næringarfræîi
栄養物摂取
영양소
näring
โภชนาการ
sự nuôi dưỡng

nutrition

[njuːˈtrɪʃən] Nnutrición f, alimentación f

nutrition

[njuːˈtrɪʃən] nnutrition f, alimentation f

nutrition

n (= diet, science)Ernährung f

nutrition

[njuːˈtrɪʃən] nnutrizione f, alimentazione f

nutritious

(njuˈtriʃəs) adjective
valuable as food; nourishing.
nutrient (ˈnjuːtriənt) noun
a substance which gives nourishment. This food contains important nutrients.
ˈnutriment noun
nourishment; food.
nuˈtrition noun
(the act of giving or getting) nourishment, or the scientific study of this.
nuˈtritional adjective

nutrition

تَغْذِيَةٌ výživa ernæring Ernährung διατροφή nutrición ravitsemus nutrition prehrana nutrizione 栄養物摂取 영양소 voeding ernæring odżywianie się nutrição питание näring โภชนาการ beslenme sự nuôi dưỡng 营养

nu·tri·tion

n. nutrición, mantenimiento, alimentación.

nutrition

n nutrición f; enteral — nutrición enteral; peripheral parenteral — nutrición parenteral periférica; total parenteral — (TPN) nutrición parenteral total (NPT)
References in periodicals archive ?
Oncology nurses identified potential need for extra care related to emesis, for example, the need for intravenous nutrition, according to ordinary clinical routines.
It is well known that low BMI (<.5 kg/m [sup]2) is an established indicator for energy deficiency and malnutrition also influences the capacity of the cell-mediated immunity, which is the principle host defense against MTB.[sup][37],[38],[39] Receiving an adequate high-energy-protein diet added enteral or intravenous nutrition group during anti-TB treatment in hospital may directly result in BMI gaining more significantly than the control at 1 and 3 months.
Parenteral nutrition is a special life-saving approach used to provide intravenous nutrition to individuals whose digestive systems are unable to absorb, or tolerate, adequate food eaten by mouth.
* Caregiver support is essential to keep individuals at home as more people enter institutional care due to caregiver burnout rather than deterioration of their condition (source: Caregiver Action Network.) The AAP notes that Family Caregivers are providing "more technically demanding care than is possible in many SNFs [skilled nursing facilities], including ventilation and intravenous nutrition, placing substantial responsibilities and stresses on families."
Intravenous nutrition in patient who are unable to start enteral nutrition is a well-established clinical technique.
Although the disease is most commonly seen on the basis of chronic alcoholism, it may also be seen in hyperemesis gravidarum, systemic malignity, gastrointestinal surgery, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, longstanding intravenous nutrition, anorexia nervosa, dieting or hunger strike, and acquired immunodeficiency (1,2).
(1) Still many a time commencement of intravenous nutrition until the resolution of postoperative ileus is a common practice.

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