(redirected from introjections)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


An unconscious defense mechanism in which one incorporates characteristics of another person or object into one's own psyche.

[German Introjektion : Latin intrō-, intro- + Latin -iectiō, -iectiōn-, throwing (from iactus, past participle of iacere, to throw; see inject).]

in′tro·ject′ v.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Psychology) psychol the act or process of introjecting
[C20: from intro- + (pro)jection]
ˌintroˈjective adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌɪn trəˈdʒɛk ʃən)

an unconscious psychic process by which a person incorporates into his or her own psychic apparatus the characteristics of another person or object.
[1916; < German]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.introjection - (psychoanalysis) the internalization of the parent figures and their values; leads to the formation of the superego
depth psychology, psychoanalysis, analysis - a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis"
internalisation, internalization, incorporation - learning (of values or attitudes etc.) that is incorporated within yourself
2.introjection - (psychology) unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects
internalisation, internalization, incorporation - learning (of values or attitudes etc.) that is incorporated within yourself
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In turn, Margaret may have projected her negative introjections and created 'bad external objects' (Kernberg, 1976, p.
In the following chapter, Sussman turns to Alfred Doblin's Derlin Alexanderplatz, and frames Doblin's city in a dialogue with James Joyce's Dublin in Ulysses, both envisioned as "hubs of urban transaction" (140), "systems-nexus" and "atmospheric generators" (142) of "urban introjections" characteristic of many modernist locations.
Psychoanalysts, psychotherapists, and psychologists from the US and Europe consider the context of psychoanalysis, including Ferenczi's relationship to Freud, his personal and psychoanalytic attitude, and his individuality; his work with patients Clara Thompson and Elizabeth Severn, the influence of physician and psychoanalyst Georg Groddeck, and his work on trauma during World War I; and his theory and technique, with discussion of the role of introjections, language, the analyst-patient relationship, the analyst's loving and erotic feelings, mutual analysis, references to Ferenczi in Lacan's work, and other topics.
Conveyor belts, wheels, pulleys, lathes, millers, routers, gears, grindstones, drill presses, resistances, projections, introjections, regressions, reaction formations, sublimations, fixations--all busily processing "traumas" into "symptoms" and "symptoms" back into "traumas": Freud's Unconscious was a factory floor in the Age of Industry.
Learning, conceived as a process that starts from understanding, that is, introjections of the concept to then achieve comprehension, which is what will permit students to apply the knowledge acquired, is accomplished through repetition and commitment by students.
Through this False Self the infant builds up a false set of relationships, and by introjections even attains a show of being real, so that the child may grow to be just like mother, nurse, aunt, brother, or whoever at the time dominates the scene.
D'Annunzio goes further, suggesting that one's personal identity may be fashioned from the imagined mourning introjections of another.
Clarifying who I am involves discovering early introjections and dis-identifying with them, discovering all the many projections and re-collecting them, and discovering the other psychical subjects who populate the unconscious and forming alliances with them.
Adib-Moghaddam argues that this culture affects strategic preferences and behavior as a result of four-dimensional dialectic: "(1) it is through externalization that culture is a human product; (2) it is through objectification that culture becomes a reality sui generis; (3) it is through internalization that we are products of culture; and (4) it is through introjections that culture constitutes our identities, interests and preferences" (p.
In contrast to all of the ways that the word is not the thing, and the ways that inferential statements get inattentively carried over into observation and our reactions, I think that Johnson's (and Langer's) important contribution to our understanding is that even at the level of the not-words we always already have introjections of inferential data.
Psychotherapy, then, can function not only to help a patient differentiate real images of parental and other interpersonal relationships from the internal objects that are contaminated with projections and introjections from other relationships.