(redirected from intuitionists)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


 (ĭn′to͞o-ĭsh′ə-nĭz′əm, -tyo͞o-)
n. Philosophy
1. The theory that certain truths or ethical principles are known by intuition rather than reason.
2. The theory that external objects of perception are immediately known to be real by intuition.
3. The view that the subject matter of mathematics consists of the mental or symbolic constructions of mathematicians rather than independent and timeless abstractions, as is held in Platonism.

in′tu·i′tion·ist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌɪntjʊˈɪʃəˌnɪzəm) or


1. (Philosophy) (in ethics)
a. the doctrine that there are moral truths discoverable by intuition
b. the doctrine that there is no single principle by which to resolve conflicts between intuited moral rules. See also deontological
2. (Philosophy) philosophy the theory that general terms are used of a variety of objects in accordance with perceived similarities. Compare nominalism, Platonism
3. (Logic) logic the doctrine that logical axioms rest on prior intuitions concerning time, negation, and provability
4. (Logic)
a. the theory that mathematics cannot intelligibly comprehend the properties of infinite sets, and that only what can be shown to be provable can be justifiably asserted
b. the reconstruction of mathematics or logic in accordance with this view. Compare formalism, logicism, finitism
5. (Philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge, esp of the external world, is acquired by intuition
ˌintuˈitionist, ˌintuˈitionalist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌɪn tuˈɪʃ əˌnɪz əm, -tyu-)

1. the doctrine in ethics that moral values and duties can be discerned directly.
2. (in metaphysics)
a. the doctrine that in perception external objects are given immediately, without the intervention of a representative idea.
b. the doctrine that knowledge rests upon axiomatic truths discerned directly.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.intuitionism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intuitionists have traditionally started at the opposite end of the matter, focusing on abstract general moral propositions.
Moore and the British intuitionists. Likewise, Catholic moral realism does not in any way resemble the emotive theory of morals that sought to break out of the epistemological impasse created by Moore and his followers.
Social intuitionists answer six questions about moral psychology.
Contrary to Platonists, Intuitionists argue that mathematical truth is a mind-dependent phenomenon.
More recently, in the 20th century, the intuitionists went further and came to regard proof by contradiction as an invalid method of reasoning.
He suggests, instead, that intuitionists should attend to the roles played by experience and particular, contextual judgments in forming moral beliefs.
In general, intuitionists deny that there is any external reality to mathematical objects.
Such situations can hinder any principle (not only the excluded middle, as the intuitionists put it!) with logical indeterminate sentences, multiply decidable or undecided, pure and simple.
George Hourani's pioneering study of 'Abd al-Jabbar's ethics (1971) is criticized for treating 'Abd al-Jabbar as if he were doing moral philosophy, in this case along the lines of the twentieth-century British intuitionists. Vasalou puts at the other end of her spectrum Margaretha Heemskerk's study (2000) of 'Abd al-Jabbar's views on pain and suffering, a work of more or less pure uncritical exposition.
"The Intuitionists: History and the Affective Event." American Literary History 20, no.
It appears that this point should be conceded by moral theorists of all brands, from error-theorists (2), through constructivists of various persuasions, including subjectivist and rationalist versions (Harman 1975, Korsgaard 1997) (3), to intuitionists (4).