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1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.involuntariness - the trait of being unwillinginvoluntariness - the trait of being unwilling; "his unwillingness to cooperate vetoed every proposal I made"; "in spite of our warnings he plowed ahead with the involuntariness of an automaton"
disposition, temperament - your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition"
disinclination, hesitancy, hesitation, indisposition, reluctance - a certain degree of unwillingness; "a reluctance to commit himself"; "his hesitancy revealed his basic indisposition"; "after some hesitation he agreed"
resistance - (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
References in classic literature ?
In these words the Socratic doctrine of the involuntariness of evil is clearly intended to be conveyed.
The involuntariness of the figures and similes is the most remarkable thing; one loses all perception of what constitutes the figure and what constitutes the simile; everything seems to present itself as the readiest, the correctest and the simplest means of expression.
The court further concluded that the "use of deceptive techniques [was] significantly more indicative of involuntariness where, as here, the subject is a 13-year-old adolescent.
More recently, apparentism is defended by David Wolfsdorf, "Desire for the Good in Meno 77b2-78b6," Classical Quarterly 56 (2006): 77-92; Kevin McTighe, "Socrates on Desire for the Good and the Involuntariness of Wrongdoing: Gorgias 466a-468e," Phronesis 29 (1984): 193-236; and Rachel Barney, "Plato on the Desire for the Good," in Desire Practical Reason and the Good, ed.
The involuntariness factor also addresses a persistent slippery
Perez would have satisfied neither the involuntariness requirement nor the reinvestment requirement of [section] 1033.
Herman, supra note 42, at 499 ("Between 1936 and 1964, the Court gave the confession rule its greatest development and direction by deciding more than thirty state cases involving claims of involuntariness.
Compared to the psychiatric disorder group, the dual diagnosis group had significantly more conduct disorders, social problems, involuntariness in the visit, less hospital admissions and less connection with the healthcare network.
In contrast, the distinction between duress and necessity continues in Canadian criminal law, with the SCC recently confirming that "although both [defences are] categorized as excuses rooted in the notion of moral or normative involuntariness, [they] target different types of situations".
what constituted involuntariness, by deciding that confessions secured
Eskov VM, Khadartsev AA, Eskov VV, Filatova OE (2013) Quantitative registration of the degree of the voluntariness and involuntariness (of the chaos) in biomedical systems.
Korobkin, supra note 3, at 1266 ("Courts also sometimes find involuntariness sufficient to support a finding of procedural unconscionability when the buyer is poor, uneducated, or unsophisticated relative to the seller.