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1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.involuntariness - the trait of being unwillinginvoluntariness - the trait of being unwilling; "his unwillingness to cooperate vetoed every proposal I made"; "in spite of our warnings he plowed ahead with the involuntariness of an automaton"
disposition, temperament - your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition"
disinclination, hesitancy, hesitation, indisposition, reluctance - a certain degree of unwillingness; "a reluctance to commit himself"; "his hesitancy revealed his basic indisposition"; "after some hesitation he agreed"
resistance - (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
References in classic literature ?
In these words the Socratic doctrine of the involuntariness of evil is clearly intended to be conveyed.
The involuntariness of the figures and similes is the most remarkable thing; one loses all perception of what constitutes the figure and what constitutes the simile; everything seems to present itself as the readiest, the correctest and the simplest means of expression.
In all cases, this will require that the defence make an assertion of involuntariness and call confirming psychiatric evidence.
Even if an international open borders policy were to be adopted, however, it is not possible to solve the more basic problem of the initial involuntariness of residence and the powerful "first mover" advantage it gives to the state.
The Haas Court distinguished the Miranda presumption of involuntariness from actual involuntariness and stated that if, ".
Justices Stevens and Breyer disagreed, arguing that the statute clearly contained an exception for coerced conduct; and Justice Thomas conversely argued that the statute unambiguously barred all persecutors, irrespective of the voluntariness or involuntariness of their conduct.
As discussed above, the discussion of an overborne will has led to the confounding of the concepts of moral blameworthiness and moral involuntariness in the criminal law.
Within each of these groups, various parameters are altered to reflect different notions of involuntariness.
98) The issue in Shatzer, briefly put by Justice Scalia who wrote the majority opinion, was "whether a break in custody ends the presumption of involuntariness established in Edwards v.
6) A number of defences are also recognized under the constitutional principle of moral involuntariness to refute the presumption according to which whoever commits an act is thought to have really chosen to do so.
Second, it helps demarcate many types of involuntariness that historically have raised concerns.