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1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.involuntariness - the trait of being unwillinginvoluntariness - the trait of being unwilling; "his unwillingness to cooperate vetoed every proposal I made"; "in spite of our warnings he plowed ahead with the involuntariness of an automaton"
disposition, temperament - your usual mood; "he has a happy disposition"
disinclination, hesitancy, hesitation, indisposition, reluctance - a certain degree of unwillingness; "a reluctance to commit himself"; "his hesitancy revealed his basic indisposition"; "after some hesitation he agreed"
resistance - (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
In these words the Socratic doctrine of the involuntariness of evil is clearly intended to be conveyed.
The involuntariness of the figures and similes is the most remarkable thing; one loses all perception of what constitutes the figure and what constitutes the simile; everything seems to present itself as the readiest, the correctest and the simplest means of expression.
But this will not be done if the court decides that the cross-examination by the accused in person is likely to affect the involuntariness or quality of the evidence.
obligations that cannot easily be changed given the involuntariness of
[Provocation is an excuse premised upon involuntariness based upon reduced choice-capabilities.
A full analysis of this continuous violation wrinkle is beyond the scope of this Note, but again, the involuntariness of presence would likely be a significant part of the analysis.
(481) The factors leading to the conclusion the interrogation was not custodial also resolved defendant's claim of involuntariness against him.
Legislators who introduced bills in their states faced opposition to the involuntariness and manageability of the system if people donated for compensatory reasons.
Our opinion in Bass did not rely on the involuntariness of the defendant's addiction.
The prefrontal cortex is suggested to be involved in the involuntariness in response to hypnotic suggestion [47].
A The (Broad) Distinction between Setting the Standard and Identifying the Circumstances B Factors External to the Parties C Personal Characteristics May Form Part of the Circumstances D Personal Characteristics and Allen v Chadwick E The Nature of the Activity May Modify the Standard of Care F Contributory Negligence May Be Denied for Policy Reasons G Summary of Scenarios in Which Setting the Standard of Care Is at Issue V The Law as It Stands: Personal Characteristics That Do and Do Not Modify the Standard of Care A Involuntariness and Incapacity B A Personalised Objective Standard?
principles--moral involuntariness, moral permissibility and moral