involuntary

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in·vol·un·tar·y

 (ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.

involuntary

(ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. carried out without one's conscious wishes; not voluntary; unintentional
2. (Physiology) physiol (esp of a movement or muscle) performed or acting without conscious control
inˈvoluntarily adv
inˈvoluntariness n

in•vol•un•tar•y

(ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i)

adj.
1. not voluntary; independent of one's will: an involuntary listener.
2. unintentional; unconscious: an involuntary gesture.
3. caused through recklessness or negligence: involuntary manslaughter.
4. Physiol. acting or functioning without volition: involuntary muscles.
[1525–35; < Late Latin]
in•vol•un•tar•i•ly (ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr ə li, -ˌvɒl ənˈtɛər-) adv.
in•vol′un•tar`i•ness, n.

in·vol·un·tar·y

(ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
Not under conscious control. Most of the biological processes in animals that are vital to life, such as contraction of the heart, blood flow, breathing, and digestion, are involuntary and controlled by the autonomic nervous system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.involuntary - not subject to the control of the willinvoluntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
unconscious - not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead; "lay unconscious on the floor"
unwilling - not disposed or inclined toward; "an unwilling assistant"; "unwilling to face facts"
voluntary - of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
2.involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"

involuntary

adjective
2. compulsory, forced, mandatory, required, binding, imperative, obligatory, requisite, de rigueur (French) Involuntary repatriations began this week.

involuntary

adjective
Acting or happening without apparent forethought, prompting, or planning:
Translations
لا إرادي، لا إخْتِياري
bezděčnýnedobrovolný
ufrivillig
ósjálfráîur
nevalingainevalingas
negribētsnetīšs
istemeden

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ] ADJinvoluntario

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntəri] adjinvolontaire

involuntary

adjunbeabsichtigt, ungewollt; repatriationunfreiwillig; shudder, muscle movement etcunwillkürlich; I found myself an involuntary listener/guestich wurde zum unfreiwilligen Zuhörer/Gast; involuntary manslaughter (Jur) → fahrlässige Tötung

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntrɪ] adjinvolontario/a

involuntary

(inˈvoləntəri) adjective
(of an action etc) not intentional. He gave an involuntary cry.
inˈvoluntarily adverb

in·vol·un·tar·y

a. involuntario-a.

involuntary

adj involuntario
References in classic literature ?
Hetty made an involuntary movement towards him, some of the love that she had once lived in the midst of was come near her again.
Tarzan saw the involuntary movement and shook his head.
The white man loosened his knife in his leathern sheath, and made an involuntary movement of the hand toward his rifle, at this sudden interruption; but the Indian sat composed, and without turning his head at the unexpected sounds.
By an involuntary movement and in spite of the injunction given, D'Artagnan put his horse into a gallop, and in a few strides overtook the carriage; but the window was hermetically closed, the vision had disappeared.
I, on the contrary, made an involuntary movement before I, too, became as still as death.
Madame de Belliere could not restrain an involuntary movement.
The sun went down and the stars peeped out, the Tower turned from its own proper colours to grey and from grey to black, the room became perfectly dark and the end of the cigar a deep fiery red, but still Mr Quilp went on smoking and drinking in the same position, and staring listlessly out of window with the doglike smile always on his face, save when Mrs Quilp made some involuntary movement of restlessness or fatigue; and then it expanded into a grin of delight.
Her hand rattled the teaspoon brusquely by an involuntary movement.
When the old man ended he stood, with the light glimmering around his thinly covered head, looking earnestly at the group, which receded from the pile with an involuntary movement, without the reach of the quivering rays, leaving a free passage for his retreat into the bushes, where pursuit in the dark would have been fruit less.
A malfunction in the dopamine system can thwart proper brain cell communication, leading to involuntary movement.
Abnormal fluency or speed of movement (Dyskinesia) may involve excessive or involuntary movement (Hyperkinesia) or slowed or absent voluntary movement (Hypokinesia).
The company said the Exablate Neuro is intended to improve motor function and reduce dyskinesia, a debilitating symptom that presents as uncontrolled, involuntary movement of the arms and/or legs.

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