involuntary

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in·vol·un·tar·y

 (ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Acting or done without or against one's will: an involuntary participant in what turned out to be an argument.
2. Not subject to control of the volition: gave an involuntary start.

in·vol′un·tar′i·ly (-târ′ə-lē) adv.
in·vol′un·tar′i·ness n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

involuntary

(ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ; -trɪ)
adj
1. carried out without one's conscious wishes; not voluntary; unintentional
2. (Physiology) physiol (esp of a movement or muscle) performed or acting without conscious control
inˈvoluntarily adv
inˈvoluntariness n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•vol•un•tar•y

(ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr i)

adj.
1. not voluntary; independent of one's will: an involuntary listener.
2. unintentional; unconscious: an involuntary gesture.
3. caused through recklessness or negligence: involuntary manslaughter.
4. Physiol. acting or functioning without volition: involuntary muscles.
[1525–35; < Late Latin]
in•vol•un•tar•i•ly (ɪnˈvɒl ənˌtɛr ə li, -ˌvɒl ənˈtɛər-) adv.
in•vol′un•tar`i•ness, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

in·vol·un·tar·y

(ĭn-vŏl′ən-tĕr′ē)
Not under conscious control. Most of the biological processes in animals that are vital to life, such as contraction of the heart, blood flow, breathing, and digestion, are involuntary and controlled by the autonomic nervous system.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.involuntary - not subject to the control of the willinvoluntary - not subject to the control of the will; "involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
unconscious - not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead; "lay unconscious on the floor"
unwilling - not disposed or inclined toward; "an unwilling assistant"; "unwilling to face facts"
voluntary - of your own free will or design; done by choice; not forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent"; "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter"; "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary social workers"; "a voluntary confession"
2.involuntary - controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control; "involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
voluntary - controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions"; "voluntary muscles"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

involuntary

adjective
2. compulsory, forced, mandatory, required, binding, imperative, obligatory, requisite, de rigueur (French) Involuntary repatriations began this week.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

involuntary

adjective
Acting or happening without apparent forethought, prompting, or planning:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
لا إرادي، لا إخْتِياري
bezděčnýnedobrovolný
ufrivillig
ósjálfráîur
nevalingainevalingas
negribētsnetīšs
istemeden

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntərɪ] ADJinvoluntario
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntəri] adjinvolontaire
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

involuntary

adjunbeabsichtigt, ungewollt; repatriationunfreiwillig; shudder, muscle movement etcunwillkürlich; I found myself an involuntary listener/guestich wurde zum unfreiwilligen Zuhörer/Gast; involuntary manslaughter (Jur) → fahrlässige Tötung
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

involuntary

[ɪnˈvɒləntrɪ] adjinvolontario/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

involuntary

(inˈvoləntəri) adjective
(of an action etc) not intentional. He gave an involuntary cry.
inˈvoluntarily adverb
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

in·vol·un·tar·y

a. involuntario-a.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

involuntary

adj involuntario
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He saw Cornelius make an involuntary movement; and lastly he saw the officer who was taking care of Rosa lead, or rather push her forward towards him.
Hetty made an involuntary movement towards him, some of the love that she had once lived in the midst of was come near her again.
Tarzan saw the involuntary movement and shook his head.
The white man loosened his knife in his leathern sheath, and made an involuntary movement of the hand toward his rifle, at this sudden interruption; but the Indian sat composed, and without turning his head at the unexpected sounds.
By an involuntary movement and in spite of the injunction given, D'Artagnan put his horse into a gallop, and in a few strides overtook the carriage; but the window was hermetically closed, the vision had disappeared.
I, on the contrary, made an involuntary movement before I, too, became as still as death.
Madame de Belliere could not restrain an involuntary movement.
The sun went down and the stars peeped out, the Tower turned from its own proper colours to grey and from grey to black, the room became perfectly dark and the end of the cigar a deep fiery red, but still Mr Quilp went on smoking and drinking in the same position, and staring listlessly out of window with the doglike smile always on his face, save when Mrs Quilp made some involuntary movement of restlessness or fatigue; and then it expanded into a grin of delight.
And that we should differ now on a point touching my brother so closely is a most painful surprise to me." Her hand rattled the teaspoon brusquely by an involuntary movement. "It is intolerable," she added tempestuously--for Mrs.
When the old man ended he stood, with the light glimmering around his thinly covered head, looking earnestly at the group, which receded from the pile with an involuntary movement, without the reach of the quivering rays, leaving a free passage for his retreat into the bushes, where pursuit in the dark would have been fruit less.
The patent application further notes, "Described herein is a wearable device which uses haptic actuation for therapeutic stimulation and in various examples, the wearable device may be word close to a joint and used to affect (eg reduce or stabilize) involuntary movement of the joint or limb.
I had to voluntarily create an involuntary movement, while I was focusing on the dialogue and the emotions.

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