irritate

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irritate

exasperate; provoke; inflame or chafe: Her incessant chatter irritates me.
Not to be confused with:
aggravate – to make worse: The smoky room aggravated her asthma.; to annoy: Don’t aggravate the substitute teacher.
Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree

ir·ri·tate

 (ĭr′ĭ-tāt′)
v. ir·ri·tat·ed, ir·ri·tat·ing, ir·ri·tates
v.tr.
1. To cause (someone) to feel impatient or angry; annoy: a loud, bossy voice that irritates listeners. See Synonyms at annoy.
2. To make sore or inflamed: The smoke irritated my eyes.
3. Physiology To cause a physiological response to a stimulus in (a cell, body tissue, or organism).
v.intr.
To be a cause of impatience or anger.

[Latin irrītāre, irrītāt-.]

ir′ri·tat′ing·ly adv.
ir′ri·ta′tor n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

irritate

(ˈɪrɪˌteɪt)
vb
1. to annoy or anger (someone)
2. (Biology) (tr) biology to stimulate (an organism or part) to respond in a characteristic manner
3. (Pathology) (tr) pathol to cause (a bodily organ or part) to become excessively stimulated, resulting in inflammation, tenderness, etc
[C16: from Latin irrītāre to provoke, exasperate]
ˈirriˌtator n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ir•ri•tate

(ˈɪr ɪˌteɪt)

v. -tat•ed, -tat•ing. v.t.
1. to excite to impatience or anger; annoy.
2. Physiol., Biol. to excite (a living system) to some characteristic action or function.
3. Pathol. to bring (a body part) to an abnormally excited or sensitive condition.
v.i.
4. to cause irritation or become irritated.
[1525–35; < Latin irrītātus, past participle of irrītāre to arouse to anger, excite, aggravate]
ir′ri•ta`tor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

irritate


Past participle: irritated
Gerund: irritating

Imperative
irritate
irritate
Present
I irritate
you irritate
he/she/it irritates
we irritate
you irritate
they irritate
Preterite
I irritated
you irritated
he/she/it irritated
we irritated
you irritated
they irritated
Present Continuous
I am irritating
you are irritating
he/she/it is irritating
we are irritating
you are irritating
they are irritating
Present Perfect
I have irritated
you have irritated
he/she/it has irritated
we have irritated
you have irritated
they have irritated
Past Continuous
I was irritating
you were irritating
he/she/it was irritating
we were irritating
you were irritating
they were irritating
Past Perfect
I had irritated
you had irritated
he/she/it had irritated
we had irritated
you had irritated
they had irritated
Future
I will irritate
you will irritate
he/she/it will irritate
we will irritate
you will irritate
they will irritate
Future Perfect
I will have irritated
you will have irritated
he/she/it will have irritated
we will have irritated
you will have irritated
they will have irritated
Future Continuous
I will be irritating
you will be irritating
he/she/it will be irritating
we will be irritating
you will be irritating
they will be irritating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been irritating
you have been irritating
he/she/it has been irritating
we have been irritating
you have been irritating
they have been irritating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been irritating
you will have been irritating
he/she/it will have been irritating
we will have been irritating
you will have been irritating
they will have been irritating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been irritating
you had been irritating
he/she/it had been irritating
we had been irritating
you had been irritating
they had been irritating
Conditional
I would irritate
you would irritate
he/she/it would irritate
we would irritate
you would irritate
they would irritate
Past Conditional
I would have irritated
you would have irritated
he/she/it would have irritated
we would have irritated
you would have irritated
they would have irritated
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.irritate - cause annoyance inirritate - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
get under one's skin, get - irritate; "Her childish behavior really get to me"; "His lying really gets me"
eat into, rankle, grate, fret - gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The injustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered"
chafe - feel extreme irritation or anger; "He was chafing at her suggestion that he stay at home while she went on a vacation"
peeve - cause to be annoyed, irritated, or resentful
ruffle - trouble or vex; "ruffle somebody's composure"
fret - cause annoyance in
beset, chevvy, chevy, chivvy, chivy, harass, harry, hassle, molest, plague, provoke - annoy continually or chronically; "He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked"; "This man harasses his female co-workers"
antagonize, antagonise - provoke the hostility of; "Don't antagonize your boss"
displease - give displeasure to
2.irritate - excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame; "Aspirin irritates my stomach"
aggravate, exacerbate, worsen, exasperate - make worse; "This drug aggravates the pain"
chafe, gall, fret - become or make sore by or as if by rubbing
itch, rub, scratch - scrape or rub as if to relieve itching; "Don't scratch your insect bites!"
soothe - cause to feel better; "the medicine soothes the pain of the inflammation"
3.irritate - excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus; "irritate the glands of a leaf"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
stimulate, excite - act as a stimulant; "The book stimulated her imagination"; "This play stimulates"
vellicate, pinch - irritate as if by a nip, pinch, or tear; "smooth surfaces can vellicate the teeth"; "the pain is as if sharp points pinch your back"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

irritate

verb
1. annoy, anger, bother, provoke, offend, needle (informal), harass, infuriate, aggravate (informal), incense, fret, enrage, gall, ruffle, inflame, exasperate, nettle, pester, vex, irk, pique, rankle with, get under your skin (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), drive you up the wall (slang), piss you off (taboo slang), rub you up the wrong way (informal), get your goat (slang), try your patience, get in your hair (informal), get on your wick (informal), get your dander up (informal), raise your hackles, get your back up, get your hackles up, put your back up Their attitude irritates me.
annoy calm, soothe, placate, please, comfort, gratify, mollify
2. inflame, pain, rub, scratch, scrape, grate, graze, fret, gall, chafe, abrade Chillies can irritate the skin.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

irritate

verb
1. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
2. To make (the skin) raw by or as if by friction:
3. To cause to become sore or inflamed:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يُغْضِب، يُغيظيُهَيِّج، يُثير
drážditpopouzet
irritere
ertaerta, skaprauna
erzinimaspiktumas
aizkaitinātkairinātuzbudināt
podráždiť
dražitirazdražiti
kızdırmaksinirlendirmektahriş etmek

irritate

[ˈɪrɪteɪt] VT
1. (= annoy) → irritar, fastidiar
to get irritatedirritarse, enfadarse
2. (Med) → irritar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

irritate

[ˈɪrɪteɪt] vt
(= annoy) [+ person] → irriter
[+ skin, eyes] → irriter
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

irritate

vt
(= annoy)ärgern, aufregen; (deliberately) → reizen; (= get on nerves of)irritieren; to get irritatedärgerlich werden; she’s easily irritatedsie ist sehr reizbar or schnell verärgert; I get irritated at or with himer reizt or ärgert mich, er regt mich auf
(Med) → reizen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

irritate

[ˈɪrɪˌteɪt] vt (annoy) → irritare, seccare; (skin) → irritare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

irritate

(ˈiriteit) verb
1. to annoy or make angry. The children's chatter irritated him.
2. to make (a part of the body) sore, red, itchy etc. Soap can irritate a baby's skin.
ˈirritable adjective
easily annoyed. He was in an irritable mood.
ˈirritably adverb
ˌirritaˈbility noun
ˈirritableness noun
ˈirritating adjective
She has an irritating voice.
ˌirriˈtation noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

irritate

v. irritar.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

irritate

vt irritar; to become irritated irritarse
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Relying too much on the offensive weapons of their acute angles instead of the defensive organs of good sense and seasonable simulation, these reckless creatures too often neglect the prescribed construction of the women's apartments, or irritate their wives by ill-advised expressions out of doors, which they refuse immediately to retract.
When Philip had been a week at Blackstable an incident happened which seemed to irritate his uncle very much.
De Courcy, than to irritate him and the rest of his family by making her marry Sir James.
Too much magnifying of man or matter, doth irritate contradiction, and procure envy and scorn.
There is nothing does irritate me more than seeing other people sitting about doing nothing when I'm working.
"Let me beg you, madam," said the parson, "not to irritate his worship."
It irritated me, maddened me, as nothing else under the sun could irritate or madden me.
If your opponent is of choleric temper, seek to irritate him.