In this chapter, we find new corpus data on speech variability of consonants and a conclusion that "the consonantal system of Estonian is losing typical Circum-Baltic isoglosses
, at the same time coming closer to currently dominating European languages" (p.
Armenian, however, also features exclusive lexical isoglosses
with Urartian, the only known close relative of the Hurrian language.
Genealogical Classification of Semitic: The Lexical Isoglosses
Orthographic variations, it seems, must reflect variations in the phonetic reality which is essential for the reconstruction of pronunciation and consequently for the establishment of isoglosses
As a result he proved that there is indeed a perception and awareness of variation, since geographic labels from respondents, though less accurate, were considerably close to the actual isoglosses
The verbal texture is continually rich, with many colourful terms--espadrilles, lollop, caravelle, cummerbunds, asdic, invaginating, squarrous, isoglosses
, homophones, strawstalks, reprographics, ruched, pica, kenosis--to offer only a tiny sample.
He argues as well that myth possesses its own geography, which allows drawing "what linguists would call the isoglosses
of a myth, the lines which limit the social region where it is spoken.
These dialectal studies consist of drawing dialect boundaries or isoglosses
in order to identify certain linguistic features pertaining to one particular speech community.
A presentation of the distributional pattern of features leads to discussion of the concepts of substrata (and its shortcomings) and isoglosses
In cases where individual isoglosses
are pivotal to both native speakers' and scholars' very definitions of different dialects and their concomitant cultural correlates, such "details" become significant for the whole.
The intersection of the isoglosses
for the four phonetic characteristics described defines nine different geographic areas.
In Central Franconian, there is a distinctive opposition between a falling tone 1 and a stretched tone 2 that seems to be reversed in a strip of land along the southeastern border, which is formed by the "thick bundle of isoglosses
separating Central Franconian from Rhine Franconian, the most characteristic one being the isogloss between the pronoun dat 'that' to the northwest and das to the southeast" (de Vaan 1999: 41).