(redirected from Isoglosses)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.


 (ī′sə-glôs′, -glŏs′)
A geographic boundary line delimiting the area in which a given linguistic feature occurs.

[iso- + Greek glōssa, language, tongue.]

i′so·gloss′al adj.


(Linguistics) a line drawn on a map around the area in which a linguistic feature is to be found, such as a particular pronunciation of a given word
ˌisoˈglossal, ˌisoˈglottic, ˌisoˈglossic, ˌisoˈglottal adj


(ˈaɪ səˌglɒs, -ˌglɔs)

(in the study of the geographical distribution of dialects) a line on a map marking the limits of an area within which a feature of speech occurs, as the use of a particular word or pronunciation.
[< German (1892)]
i`so•glos′sal, adj.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
In this chapter, we find new corpus data on speech variability of consonants and a conclusion that "the consonantal system of Estonian is losing typical Circum-Baltic isoglosses, at the same time coming closer to currently dominating European languages" (p.
Armenian, however, also features exclusive lexical isoglosses with Urartian, the only known close relative of the Hurrian language.
Genealogical Classification of Semitic: The Lexical Isoglosses
Orthographic variations, it seems, must reflect variations in the phonetic reality which is essential for the reconstruction of pronunciation and consequently for the establishment of isoglosses.
As a result he proved that there is indeed a perception and awareness of variation, since geographic labels from respondents, though less accurate, were considerably close to the actual isoglosses.
The verbal texture is continually rich, with many colourful terms--espadrilles, lollop, caravelle, cummerbunds, asdic, invaginating, squarrous, isoglosses, homophones, strawstalks, reprographics, ruched, pica, kenosis--to offer only a tiny sample.
He argues as well that myth possesses its own geography, which allows drawing "what linguists would call the isoglosses of a myth, the lines which limit the social region where it is spoken.
A presentation of the distributional pattern of features leads to discussion of the concepts of substrata (and its shortcomings) and isoglosses.
In cases where individual isoglosses are pivotal to both native speakers' and scholars' very definitions of different dialects and their concomitant cultural correlates, such "details" become significant for the whole.
The intersection of the isoglosses for the four phonetic characteristics described defines nine different geographic areas.
In Central Franconian, there is a distinctive opposition between a falling tone 1 and a stretched tone 2 that seems to be reversed in a strip of land along the southeastern border, which is formed by the "thick bundle of isoglosses separating Central Franconian from Rhine Franconian, the most characteristic one being the isogloss between the pronoun dat 'that' to the northwest and das to the southeast" (de Vaan 1999: 41).