Purification and characterization of 2-methylbranched chain aryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, an enzyme involved in the isoleucine
and valine metabolism, from rat liver mitochondria.
In addition, mutations leading to an amino acid change from serine to isoleucine
at position 81) in ParC were demonstrated in the ciprofloxacin-resistant S.
, and valine tend to avoid water molecules.
In this context, our previous study clearly demonstrated significant reduction of broiler performance in 6% DORB based low protein diets due to deficiencies of amino acid valine, isoleucine
and tryptophan (Basavanta Kumar et al.
In maple syrup urine disease (MSUD; McKusik 248600), the degradation of the essential branched-chain L-amino acids leucine, valine, and isoleucine
and their derived 2-oxoacids is impaired because of an inherited deficiency in branched-chain 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complex (EC 1.
The prototype cells -- 10 to 50 microns in diameter -- contain one enzyme (urease) to convert urea into ammonia, another (dehydrogenase) to transform ammonia into three essential amino acids (leucine, isoleucine
and valine), and a "cofactor" that activates the dehydrogenase.
Most of the SID of AA of BR values presented in Nutrient Requirements of Swine (NRC, 2012) is higher than those determined in the current study: arginine, 89% vs 84%; histidine, 84% vs 77%; isoleucine
, 81% vs 79%; leucine, 83% vs 79%; lysine, 77% vs 78%; methionine, 85% vs 81%; threonine, 76% vs 65%; valine, 78% vs 81%, respectively.
Significant statistical differences were obtained only for isoleucine
(P = 0.
Among cereal and cereal by-product; Isoleucine
, lysine, arginine and glutamic acid were highly digestible in corn (97.
Following the reduced protein content in diet, the level of some essential and functional AA (arginine, phenylalanine, histidine, isoleucine
, valine, and leucine) in plasma of PR group was lower than that of the CON group (p<0.
The patent covers methods for supporting metabolism and transportation of glucose and carbohydrates into skeletal muscle cells by the administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a composition of bio-active compounds extracted from fenugreek seeds, and methods for performing weight management by the administration of a therapeutically effective amount of a composition comprising 4-hydroxy-isoleucine
and one or more amino acids selected from the group consisting of arginine, aspartate, threonine, serine, glutamate, proline, glycine, alanine, cysteine, valine, methionine, isoleucine
, leucine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, ornithine, lysine, histidine, and gamma-aminobutyrate.
, leucine, and tyrosine contents of loin were highest (p<0.