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A colorless volatile liquid, C5H8, used chiefly to make synthetic rubber.

i′so·pre′noid′ (-prē′noid′) adj.


(ˌaɪsəˈpriːnɔɪd) chem
(Chemistry) relating to or containing the isoprene unit
(Chemistry) an isoprenoid compound
References in periodicals archive ?
The first grant is in Europe and focused on furthering the company's current artificial intelligence (AI) and Informatics platform at Amyris and the second grant is from National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the development of a novel isoprenoid pharmaceutical application.
Mevalonate is the precursor not only of cholesterol but also of many non-steroidal- isoprenoid compounds.
CoQ10 or ubiquinone is a lipid-soluble benzoquinone with a side-chain of 10 isoprenoid units endogenously synthesized from phenylalanine and mevalonic acid.
The major isoprenoid alkanes in the analysed samples are pristane (Pr) and phytane (Ph) (Fig.
Early models described "mevalonate shunting" from isoprenoid metabolism (1).
Through discovery, product development and trials, BBI developed isoprenoid compounds ("ISO-Extracts[TM]") derived from desert, mountain and sea plants that are highly effective, economical to use, and have broad application in various formulations for fertilizer, stimulant and pesticides.
The first target molecules are part of the isoprenoid family (including carotenoids) that may lead to the production of specialty ingredients, such as antioxidants and / or high-added value pigments, representing a market of hundreds of millions of dollars worldwide in applications such as cosmetics, food, feed and health.
In plants, the isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP) isoprenoid precursors can be derived from the mevalonate or metileritritol phosphate.
Eucalyptus species are strong source of isoprenoid emission.
Some researches show that antibacterial compounds contain major bioactive alkaloids, polyketides, terpenoids, isoprenoid and non-isoprenoid compounds, quinones, and phenol isolated from marine fungi [3][17].
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A synthase(HMGS) is the second enzyme in MVA pathway of isoprenoid biosynthesis, and catalyzes the condensation of acetyl-CoA with acetoacetyl-CoA to yield HMG-CoA.