isothiocyanate


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i·so·thi·o·cy·a·nate

 (ī′sə-thī′ō-sī′ə-nāt′)
n.
A pungent and irritating sulfur analog of an isocyanate, characterized by the NCS group, that is present in mustard oils.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.isothiocyanate - a family of compounds derived from horseradish and radishes and onions and mustards; source of the hotness of those plants and preparations
table mustard, mustard - pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds
horseradish, horseradish root - the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
mustard - any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
Raphanus sativus, radish - Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw
Allium cepa, onion plant, onion - bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb
chemical irritant - a substance producing irritation
References in periodicals archive ?
Mustard oil goes by the chemical name allyl isothiocyanate, which is the oil released from cutting the root of the plant, has several antibacterial properties.
The researchers ran tests that used turmeric and phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), which is a substance that is found in high concentrations in veggies like broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, turnips, cabbage, winter cress, and watercress.
One specific isothiocyanate, called sulforaphane, has been found to inhibit prostate, (3) colon, (4) breast, (5) and ovarian cancer.
Phenethyl isothiocyanate exhibits antileukemic activity in vitro and in vivo by inactivation of Akt and activation of JNK pathways.
Fat and protein were stained using Nile red and fluorescein isothiocyanate, respectively.
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), the main isothiocyanate in brown/black mustard essential oil, has also been studied as antimicrobial agent in meat products such as fermented sausages (LUCIANO et al., 2011) and chopped beef (CHACON et al., 2006).
As for broccoli, the specialist said that it is rich in isothiocyanate and sulforaphane, which inhibit the growth and promote the apoptosis of cancer cells.
Parasitemia was determined with fluorescent microscope (Carl Zeiss Florescent microscope) with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) filter under 100x magnification.
A Uganda Ministry of Internal Affairs analytical laboratory conducted toxicology testing using triple liquid chromatography mass spectrometry in the recently calibrated triple quadrupole liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer (2) for traces of metam sodium or methyl isothiocyanate (a metam sodium degradation product) in the blood of nine symptomatic patients.
contortus in ewes [9] because of the benzyl isothiocyanate it contains.
Mustard EO or its major component, allyl isothiocyanate, has been incorporated in edible films or encapsulated in different matrices with reasonable antibacterial and antifungal effects [15, 19]; however, these same authors also mentioned that their application to food products is still limited due to their high volatility and strong odors [15, 16, 19, 20].
Sulforaphane is a compound within the isothiocyanate group of organosulfur compounds that helps obese type two diabetes patients in controlling the high blood sugar levels.