isotonic

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Related to isotonic saline: hypotonic saline

i·so·ton·ic

 (ī′sə-tŏn′ĭk)
adj.
1. Of equal tension.
2. Isosmotic.
3. Having the same concentration of solutes as the blood: an isotonic saline solution.
4. Physiology Of or involving muscular contraction in which the muscle remains under relatively constant tension while its length changes.

[iso- + Greek tonos, tension; see tone + -ic.]

i′so·ton′i·cal·ly adv.
i′so·to·nic′i·ty (-tə-nĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

isotonic

(ˌaɪsəʊˈtɒnɪk)
adj
1. (Physiology) physiol (of two or more muscles) having equal tension
2. (of a drink) designed to replace the fluid and salts lost from the body during strenuous exercise
3. (Chemistry) Also: isosmotic (of two solutions) having the same osmotic pressure, commonly having physiological osmotic pressure. Compare hypertonic, hypotonic
4. (Classical Music) music of, relating to, or characterized by the equal intervals of the well-tempered scale: isotonic tuning.
isotonicity n

i•so•ton•ic

(ˌaɪ səˈtɒn ɪk)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to solutions with equal osmotic pressure.
2. Physiol.
a. of or pertaining to a muscular contraction in which the muscle shortens while tension increases, as in continuous lifting.
b. of or pertaining to a solution containing the same salt concentration as mammalian blood.
[1890–95; < German isotonisch (1882); see iso-, tonic]
i`so•to•nic′i•ty (-təˈnɪs ɪ ti) n.

isotonic

1. Describes solutions which have the same osmotic pressure.
2. Describes contraction that maintains the same tension in a muscle and shortens it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.isotonic - (used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
hypertonic - (of a solution) having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
hypotonic - (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
2.isotonic - relating to or characterized by the equal intervals of a musical scale; "isotonic tuning"
3.isotonic - of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
isometric - of or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant
4.isotonic - of two or more muscles; having equal tension
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
tense - in or of a state of physical or nervous tension
Translations
isotonickýizotonický
isotonique
isotônico

isotonic

[ˌaɪsəʊˈtɒnɪk] ADJisotónico

i·so·ton·ic

a. isotónico-a, que tiene la misma tensión que otra dada;
___ exerciseejercicio ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
Accordingly, the patient was intubated with a double-lumen endotracheal tube, and after 15 min of ventilation with 100% [O.sub.2], one lung was lavaged with sterile isotonic saline at 37[degrees]C.
Commonly used irrigants worldwide include gentamycin, chlorhexidine and isotonic saline.
Nebulized isotonic saline versus water following a laryngeal desiccation challenge in classically trained sopranos.
The tip of Bronchoscope was wedged at the desired bronchopulmonary segments and isotonic saline was instilled through the working channel of bronchoscope in 20-60 mL aliquots.
The patient was delivered an infusion of 100 [micro]g fentanyl in 100 mL of isotonic saline to diffuse pain.
Thirty experimental animals were fasted for 12 h and grouped as follows: group 1 (control), treated with isotonic saline solution (ISS, 4 mL/kg); group 2, treated with the fat fraction (16 mg/kg); group 3, treated with the protein fraction (16 mg/kg); group 4, treated with the chitin fraction (16 mg/kg); and group 5, positive control, treated with glibenclamide (10 mg/kg), a sulphonyl urea agent with hypoglycemic action that acts at the pancreatic level as an insulin secretagogue.
There is general agreement that shocked and dehydrated infants should be treated initially with rapid intravenous boluses of isotonic saline at a rate of 20 mL/kg of body weight, although there is concern about this recommendation following the Fluid Expansion as Supportive Therapy (FEAST) trial, which studied the use of bolus intravenous (IV) infusions in children with severe infection and impaired perfusion.
(5) analysed the effects of HES in HS, 7.2% HS, 6% HES and isotonic saline as the control group in various dilutions (5%, 10%, 20%, and 40%] and observed that HES in HS caused more effects on coagulation as the dilution increased.
Baskurt and colleagues randomized 217 subjects (estimated GFR 30-60 ml/min) to receive either isotonic saline alone or isotonic saline + ACC or the two latter substances combined with oral theophylline.
Management options for HN include discontinuation of diuretics, fluid restriction (FR), and administration of isotonic saline (NS), hypertonic saline (HS), or a vasopressin-receptor antagonist (or "vaptan").