janissary


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

jan·is·sar·y

 (jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.

[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]

janissary

(ˈdʒænɪsərɪ) or

janizary

n, pl -saries or -zaries
(Military) an infantryman in the Turkish army, originally a member of the sovereign's personal guard, from the 14th to the early 19th century
[C16: from French janissaire, from Italian giannizzero, from Turkish yeniçeri, from yeni new + çeri soldiery]

jan•is•sar•y

(ˈdʒæn əˌsɛr i)

also jan•i•zar•y

(-ˌzɛr i)

n., pl. -sar•ies also -zar•ies.
1. (often cap.) a member of an elite military unit of the Turkish army organized in the 14th century and abolished in 1826.
2. a member of any group of loyal guards, soldiers, or supporters.
[1520–30; < French janissaire < Italian gian(n)izzero < Turkish yeniçeri=yeni new + çeri soldiery, militia]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.janissary - a loyal supporter; "every politician has a following of janissaries"
follower - a person who accepts the leadership of another
2.Janissary - a Turkish soldier
soldier - an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army; "the soldiers stood at attention"
Translations
janitsaari
janjičar
janicsár
janitsjar
References in classic literature ?
That fellow behind your chair may be a Janissary with a bow-string in his plush breeches pocket.
Janissary military marches are also heard during the anti-Armenian protests.
Huag is a professor of Islamic world history and doubtless could have offered some thoughts on how Martin's janissary stand-ins characterize the medievalist Westerosi, both to the reader and to each other, but he does not.
A special feature of last year's parade was the participation of the People's Liberation Army of China and Saudi Special Force contingents alongside Turkish Janissary Military band.
A special feature of last year's parade was the participation of the People's Liberation Army of China, Saudi Special Force contingent and Turkish Janissary Military band.
He also said that "such people, if they used to be Christian orthodox, suffer from the 'janissary syndrome'".
5 is nicknamed the Turkish on the strength of a few passages of the fashionable Janissary music in the third movement, but in terms of the impact at this concert it seemed an appropriate label.
The emotionally charged crowd gave a standing ovation to the Turkish military's Janissary Mehter band.
Increasingly short on specie following the collapse of its silver-based currency under pressure from Spanish-American imports, the Ottoman state attempted to re-impose control through a new tax farming system and the extension of the standing janissary corps to operate alongside its larger cavalry regiments.
Presidential Guard Regiment and TSK Ottoman Janissary Band will take part.
Concerts of Turkish classical music, poetry and janissary bands take place for the entertainment of domestic and foreign tourists, and mosques on the peninsula remain open until late at night.
Some terms like dragoman and voivoda are explained in depth, but others, such as caravansary, muezzin, and Janissary would serve better with more description.