Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
An opaque cryptocrystalline variety of quartz that may be red, yellow, or brown.
[Middle English jaspre, from Anglo-Norman jaspre, variant of jaspe, from Latin iaspis, iaspid-, chrysoprase, translucent quartz, chalcedony, from Greek iaspis, probably ultimately (perhaps via an Anatolian word such as Hittite yašpu-) from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew yāšəpēh, a kind of precious stone, perhaps from Akkadian yašpû, ašpû, chalcedony, jasper, perhaps of Sumerian origin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Minerals) an opaque impure microcrystalline form of quartz, red, yellow, brown, or dark green in colour, used as a gemstone and for ornamental decoration
2. (Ceramics) Also called: jasperware a dense hard stoneware, invented in 1775 by Wedgwood, capable of being stained throughout its substance with metallic oxides and used as background for applied classical decoration
[C14: from Old French jaspe, from Latin jaspis, from Greek iaspis, of Semitic origin; related to Assyrian ashpū, Arabic yashb, Hebrew yāshpheh]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. an opaque cryptocrystalline variety of quartz, usu. red or brown: often used in decorative carvings.
2. Also called jas′per•ware`. a fine colored stoneware with raised designs in white.
[1300–50; Middle English jaspe, jaspre < Middle French; Old French jaspe < Latin iaspis < Greek iáspis < Semitic; compare Akkadian yašpu]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A reddish, brown, or yellow variety of opaque quartz.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
jasper[ˈdʒæspəʳ] N → jaspe m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
n → Jaspis m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007