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1. One of the free-soil guerrillas in Kansas and Missouri during the border disputes of 1854 to 1859.
2. A Unionist guerrilla.
3. Jayhawker Informal A native or resident of Kansas.

[From jayhawk, a fictitious bird.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈdʒeɪˌhɔ kər)

1. a native or inhabitant of Kansas (used as a nickname).
2. (sometimes l.c.) a plundering marauder, esp. one of the antislavery guerrillas in Kansas and Missouri before and during the Civil War.
[1855–60, Amer.; of uncertain orig.]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Outside of Iowa, which we eliminated from contention due to the difficulty of obtaining non-resident licenses, it is hard to imagine anywhere that rivals the Jayhawker State for producing big bucks.
Indian Foreign Secretary Jayhawker said that their premier raised Indian concerns in detail during the fifth meeting among the two leaders.
Bolstered by his principles, and his previous experience as a Jayhawker (a private anti-slavery guerilla militiaman), he took charge of the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment - the first organization of black soldiers to engage Confederate forces, and the first to emerge victorious.
Topeka, KS, May 09, 2012 --(PR.com)-- The Jayhawker State is home to a number of family-owned & operated world class machine shops specializing in machine parts, CNC production, welding and custom part repair, according to the American Machine Shops Network (MFGpartners.net).
Was Burden engaged in combat in a Jayhawker "free-soil" unit against the most notorious and vicious pro-slavery force, William Clarke Quantrill and his raiders, who terrorized Kansas from their Missouri base?
The front axle of the Jayhawk, affectionately called the Jayhawker by many, had gears and cogs on it.
In both the no-man's-land and the Confederate frontier, recusant conscripts often combined with deserters and desperadoes to form Jayhawker bands, which fought against all invaders regardless of whether they wore blue or gray.
The university's yearbook, the Jayhawker, included black students such as Toby Walker in its year-end spotlight on campus leaders.
Senate seat from the reliably Republican Jayhawker State in 1968, Dole served as Senate majority leader during the Reagan years [1981-1987] and from 1995 until his surprise resignation this past summer.
I think it was published in one of the student journals, the Jayhawker. And then, sort of indirectly, I got to New York.
Later dramas dealing with the Civil War include Sinclair Lewis, Jayhawker (1935); Paul Green, Wilderness Road (1956); and Robert D.
Also in 1934 he published the play Jayhawker (written in collaboration with Lloyd Lewis and set on stage at New York), about the battles in Kansas before the Civil War.